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Pelargonium echinatum

Pelargonium echinatum , Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Geraniales

Familia: Geraniaceae
Genus: Pelargonium
Subgenus: P. subg. Pelargonium
Sectio: P. sect. Cortusina
Species: Pelargonium echinatum

Pelargonium echinatum Curtis,

Cortusina rubropurpurea Eckl. & Zeyh., Enum. 77 (1835)
Geraniospermum echinatum (Curtis) Kuntze, Rev. Gen. 94 (1891)
Geranium echinatum (Curtis) Thunb.
Geranium notatum Andrews
Pelargonium hamatum Jacq., Hort. Schoenb. 2: 7 (1797)

Native distribution areas:

Regional: Southtern Africa
Cape Provinces

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Curtis, W. 1795–1796. Botanical Magazine; or, Flower-Garden Displayed. Vols. 9–10, pls. 289–360. London. BHL Reference page. : 9: t. 309

Additional references

Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) 2003. Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: i–vi, 1–1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. ISBN 1-919795-99-5. PDF (97 MB) Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Pelargonium echinatum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Aug 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Pelargonium echinatum. Published online. Accessed: Aug 15 2021. 2021. Pelargonium echinatum. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Aug 2021.
Hassler, M. 2021. Pelargonium echinatum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 Aug 15. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Pelargonium echinatum. Accessed: 15 Aug 2021.

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