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Phlomis fruticosa

Phlomis fruticosa, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Lamioideae
Tribus: Phlomideae
Genus: Phlomis
Sectio: P. sect. Phlomis
Subsectio: P. subsect. Phlomis
Species: Phlomis fruticosa

Phlomis fruticosa L., Sp. Pl. 1: 584. 1753.

Beloakon luteum Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 87. 1837.
Phlomis angustifolia Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 2. 1768.
Phlomis collina Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton: 84. 1796.
Phlomis latifolia Mill., Gard. Dict. ed. 8: 3. 1768.
Phlomis portae A.Kern. ex Nyman, Consp. Fl. Eur. 581. 1881.
Phlomis salviifolia Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 3: 354. 1812.
Phlomis scariosa C.Presl in Presl & Presl, Delic. Prag. 85. 1822


Phlomis fruticosa Sieber ex C.Presl (1822) = ?

Phlomis fruticosa

Phlomis fruticosa, Photo: Michael Lahanas


Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus II: 584. Reference page.
Euro+Med 2006 onwards: Phlomis fruticosa in Euro+Med PlantBase – the information resource for Euro-Mediterranean plant diversity. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 01.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Phlomis fruticosa in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
suomi: Pensaspaloyrtti

Phlomis fruticosa, the Jerusalem sage,[1] is a species of flowering plant in the sage family Lamiaceae, native to Albania, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, Turkey, and countries of the former Yugoslavia.

It is a small evergreen shrub, up to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 1.5 m (5 ft) wide. The sage-like, aromatic leaves are oval, 5-10 cm (2-4ins) long, wrinkled, grey-green with white undersides, and covered with fine hairs. Deep yellow, tubular flowers, 3 cm in length, grow in whorls of 20 in short spikes in summer.[2]

The specific epithet fruticosa means "shrubby".[3]

It is popular as an ornamental plant, and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[4][5]

As a garden escape, it has naturalised in parts of South West England.[6]

It is listed as deer resistant, hardy in zones 7 to 11, and tolerant of a range of soil types.


BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 978-1405332965.
Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315.
"RHS Plant Selector - Phlomis fruticosa". Retrieved 6 February 2021.
"AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 76. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

Trees and shrubs hardy in the British Isles, edn 8, III. N-Rh. John Murray. 1976.

"Phlomis fruticosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
Michigan State University entry
Craker, L. E. & J. E. Simon, eds. 1986–1987. Herbs, spices, and medicinal plants, 2 vols.
Davis, P. H., ed. 1965–1988. Flora of Turkey and the east Aegean islands.
Greuter, W. et al., eds. 1984–. Med-Checklist.
Huxley, A., ed. 1992. The new Royal Horticultural Society dictionary of gardening.
Komarov, V. L. et al., eds. 1934–1964. Flora SSSR.
Tutin, T. G. et al., eds. 1964–1980. Flora europaea.

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