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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Ordo: Caryophyllales

Familia: Nyctaginaceae
Tribus: Pisonieae
Genus: Pisonia
Species: P. aculeata – P. alba – P. albida – P. brunoniana – P. capitata – P. excelsa – P. floridana – P. grandis – P. notundata – P. rotundata – P. sandwicensis – P. subcordata – P. umbellifera – P. wagneriana – P. zapallo

Pisonia L.

Lectotype species: Pisonia aculeata L. (designated by E.W. Berry, Profess. Pap. U.S. Geol. Surv. 91: 214. 7 Sep 1916)

Vernacular names
Deutsch: Pisonie
English: Catchbirdtrees
suomi: Pisoniat
русский: Пизония

Pisonia is a genus of flowering plants in the four o'clock flower family, Nyctaginaceae. It was named for Dutch physician and naturalist Willem Piso (1611–1678).[3] Certain species in this genus are known as catchbirdtrees, birdcatcher trees or birdlime trees because they catch birds.[4] The sticky seeds are postulated to be an adaptation of some island species that ensures the dispersal of seeds between islands by attaching them to birds, and also allows the enriching of coralline sands. (Should a fledgling fall to the ground, become entangled in the Pisonia's sticky seeds, and be unable to free itself, then it will starve, and so enrich the soil within the tree's rootzone.[4]) These island species include P. brunoniana of Australasia and Polynesia and P. umbellifera, which is widespread in the tropical Indo-Pacific region.


Pisonia aculeata L. – pullback (pantropical)[5]
Pisonia alba Span.
Pisonia albida (Heimerl) Britton ex Standl. – corcho bobo
Pisonia brunoniana Endl. – Australasian catchbirdtree (Australasia and Polynesia)
Pisonia capitata (S.Watson) Standl. – Mexican devil's-claws
Pisonia donnellsmithii Heimerl ex Standl. (El Salvador, Guatemala)
Pisonia ekmani Heimerl (Cuba)
Pisonia excelsa Blume
Pisonia floribunda Hook. f. pega pega (Galápagos Islands)
Pisonia floridana Britt. ex Small – Rock Key devil's-claws
Pisonia graciliscens (Heimerl) Stenmerik (French Polynesia)
Pisonia grandis R.Br. – grand devil's-claws (Indo-Pacific)
Pisonia horneae (named after Frances W. Horne, 1873-1967)[6] (Puerto Rico, Northern Karst and the Sierra de Cayey)
Pisonia notundata Griseb. – smooth devil's-claws
Pisonia roqueae (named after Ana Roqué de Duprey, 1853-1933)[6] (Puerto Rico, Central Mountain Range and the Luquillo Mountains)
Pisonia sandwicensis Hillebr. – āulu (Hawaii)[7]
Pisonia sechellarum F.Friedmann (Seychelles)
Pisonia siphonocarpa (Heimerl) Stenmerik (French Polynesia)
Pisonia subcordata Sw. – water mampoo
Pisonia umbellifera (J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.) Seem. – umbrella catchbirdtree (Indo-Pacific)
Pisonia wagneriana Fosberg – Kauaʻi catchbirdtree, pāpala kēpau (island of Kauaʻi in Hawaii)
Pisonia zapallo Griseb.[8][9]

Formerly placed here

Guapira discolor (Spreng.) Little (as P. discolor Spreng.)[9]


"Genus: Pisonia L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2010-07-07. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
"Pisonia L." TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
Quattrocchi, Umberto (2000). CRC World Dictionary of Plant Names: Common Names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Synonyms, and Etymology. 3. p. 2083. ISBN 978-0-8493-2673-8.
"Planet Earth II: Episode 1 Islands (Noddies on the Pisonia trees in the Seychelles)". BBC Earth. 2016. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
"Pisonia aculeata L. pull-back-and-hold" (PDF). International Institute of Tropical Forestry. United States Forest Service. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
Caraballo-Ortiz, Marcos; Trejo-Torres, Jorge (26 September 2017). "Two new endemic tree species from Puerto Rico: Pisonia horneae and Pisonia roqueae (Nyctaginaceae)". PhytoKeys (86): 97–115. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.86.11249. PMC 5672120. PMID 29158698. Retrieved 1 October 2017.
Little Jr., Elbert L.; Roger G. Skolmen (1989). "Āulu" (PDF). United States Forest Service. [permanent dead link]
"Pisonia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 2009-04-09.
"GRIN Species records of Pisonia". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2000-12-14. Retrieved 2010-01-21.

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