Fine Art

Psidium guajava

Psidium guajava, Ormideia, Cyprus, Photo:  Augusta Stylianou Artist

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids II
Ordo: Myrtales

Familia: Myrtaceae
Subfamilia: Myrtoideae
Tribus: Myrteae
Subtribus: Pimentinae
Genus: Psidium
Sectio: P. sect. Psidium
Species: Psidium guajava

Psidium guajava L., Sp. Pl. 1:470. 1753.

Myrtus guajava (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 91. 1898.

Guaiava pyriformis Gaertn., Fruct. Sem. Pl. 1: 185. 1788.
Guajava pyrifera (L.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 239. 1891.
Guajava pyrifera var. pomifera Kuntzer, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 239. 1891.
Myrtus guajava var. pyrifera Griseb. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 3(2): 91. 1898, nom. inadmiss.
Psidium angustifolium Lam., Encycl. 3: 17. 1789, nom. illeg.
Psidium aromaticum Blanco, Fl. Filip., 417. 1837, nom illeg. non Aublet (1775).
Psidium cujavillus Burm. f., Fl. Indica 114. 1758.
Psidium cujavus L., Herb. Amb. 7. 1754; Syst. Nat., ed. 10. 1055. 1759.
Psidium fragrans Macf., Fl. Jamaica 2: 108. 1850.
Psidium guajava var. cujavillum (Burman) Krug & Urb. ex Urban, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 19: 566. 1895, nom. illeg.
Psidium guajava var. minor Mattos, Loefgrenia 70: 5. 1976.
Psidium guajava var. pumilum Griseb., Fl. Brit. W.I. 241. 1860.
Psidium guava Griseb.
Psidium guayava Raddi
Psidium igatemyensis Barb. Rodr., Myrt. Paraguay 10, pl. 13. 1903.
Psidium pomiferum L., Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:672. 1762, nom. illeg.
Psidium pumilum Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2:56. 1791.
Psidium pumilum var. guadalupense DC., Prodr. (de Candolle) 3: 233. 1828.
Psidium pumilum var. intermedium Blume, Mus. Bot. 1: 72. 1850.
Psidium pyriferum L., Sp. pl. ed. 2, 1:672. 1762, nom. illeg.
Psidium sapidissimum Jacq., Hort. Schoenbr. vol. 3, 62. 1789.
Psidium vulgare Richard, Actes Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 1: 110. 1792.

Psidium guajava

Psidium guajava, Ormideia, Cyprus, Photo:  Augusta Stylianou Artist


Mansfeld's World Database of Agriculture and Horticultural Crops (1998-). IPK Gatersleben. 2009 Sept 02 [1].

Wunderlin, R.P., & Hansen, B.F. (2008). Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants. Institute for Systematic Botany, University of South Florida, Tampa [2].

Vernacular names
беларуская: Гуаява
বাংলা: পেয়ারা
dansk: Guava
Deutsch: Echte Guave
eʋegbe: Gowa
English: Guava
suomi: Guava, hedelmäguava
français: Goyavier
Kreyòl ayisyen: Pye gwayav
magyar: Közönséges guáva, guáva
Bahasa Indonesia: Jambu batu
italiano: Guava, Guayaba
Bahasa Melayu: Jambu Batu
Nederlands: Guave
norsk: Guava
polski: Guawa
português: Goiabeira
தமிழ்: கொய்யா
ไทย: ฝรั่ง
Türkçe: Guava

Psidium guajava, the common guava,[2] yellow guava,[2] lemon guava,[2] or apple guava is an evergreen shrub or small tree native to the Caribbean, Central America and South America.[2] It is easily pollinated by insects; when cultivated, it is pollinated mainly by the common honey bee, Apis mellifera.

P. guajava fruit

Widely cultivated in tropical and subtropical regions around the world, guava fruits can range in size from as small as an apricot to as large as a grapefruit. Various cultivars have white, pink, or red flesh; a few varieties feature red (instead of green or yellow) skin.

When cultivated from seed, guavas are notable for their extremely slow growth rate for several months, before a very rapid acceleration in growth rate takes over. From seed, common guavas may bloom and set fruit in as few as two years or as many as eight. Cuttings, grafting, and air layering are more commonly used as a propagation method in commercial groves. Highly adaptable, guavas can be easily grown as container plants in temperate regions, though their ability to bloom and set fruit is somewhat less predictable. In some tropical locations, guavas can become invasive. It has become a major problem in the Galápagos Islands.[3]

The plant is used in many different shampoo products for its scent. It is also becoming a popular bonsai species and is currently quite popular in India and Eastern Asia.[4]
Red guava Psidium guajava
The flowers of Psidium guajava. It is an evergreen shrub or small tree.

The leaves of P. guajava contain the flavonol morin, morin-3-O-lyxoside, morin-3-O-arabinoside, quercetin and quercetin-3-O-arabinoside.[5]

Guava wood from Hawaii is commonly used for the smoking of meat. The wood is resistant to insect and fungal attack. The density of oven-dry wood is about 670 kg/m3 (1,130 lb/cu yd) and has been found suitable for roof trusses in Nigeria.[6]
Traditional medicine

Psidium guajava has been used in traditional medicine by many cultures throughout Central America, the Caribbean, Africa, and Asia.[7] It is used for inflammation, diabetes, hypertension, caries, wounds, pain relief, fever, diarrhea, rheumatism, lung diseases, and ulcers.[7]
Use as food and feed

Guava is an edible fruit, and can be eaten raw or cooked. The processing of the fruits yields by-products that can be fed to livestock. The leaves can also be used as fodder.[8]

Canteiro, C.; Lucas, E. (2019). "Psidium guajava". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2019: e.T49485755A49485759. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2019-1.RLTS.T49485755A49485759.en. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
"Psidium guajava". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved February 6, 2009.
"Forest of daisy trees in Santa Cruz | Wondermondo". 11 March 2012.
D'Cruz, Mark. "Ma-Ke Bonsai Care Guide for Psidium guajava". Ma-Ke Bonsai. Retrieved April 22, 2011.
Bacteriostatic effect of flavonoids isolated from leaves of Psidium guajava on fish pathogens. Rattanachaikunsopon Pongsak and Phumkhachorn Parichat, Fitoterapia, 2007, volume 78, number 6, pages 434-436, INIST:19087798
E. Lucas; A. Olorunnisola; N. Adewole. "Preliminary Evaluation of Guava (Psidium guajava L.) Tree Branches for Truss Fabrication in Nigeria" (PDF). Retrieved March 25, 2022.
Gutiérrez, RM; Mitchell, S; Solis, RV (2008). "Psidium guajava: A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology". Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 117 (1): 1–27. doi:10.1016/j.jep.2008.01.025. PMID 18353572.
Heuzé V.; Tran G.; Bastianelli D.; Lebas F. (2017). "Guava (Psidium guajava)". Retrieved May 5, 2017. "a programme by INRA, CIRAD, AFZ and FAO"

Augusta Stylianou Photos

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World