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Pyracantha coccinea

Pyracantha coccinea (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Amygdaloideae
Tribus: Maleae
Subtribus: Malinae
Genus: Pyracantha
Species: Pyracantha coccinea

Pyracantha coccinea M.Roem.

Familiarum Naturalium Regni Vegetabilis Synopses Monographicae seu Enumeratio Omnium Plantarum hucusque Detectarum Secundum Ordines Naturales, Genera et Sepcies Digestarum, Additas Diagnosibus, Synonymis, Novarumque vel Minus Cognitarum Descriptionibus Cu 3:219. 1847
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Pyracantha coccinea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
azərbaycanca: Qırmızı tubulqa
čeština: hlohyně červená, hlohovec červený
dansk: Almindelig Ildtorn
Deutsch: Mittelmeer-Feuerdorn
English: scarlet firethorn
español: espino de fuego
suomi: Välimerentulimarja
magyar: Közönséges tűztövis
polski: ognik szkarłatny
русский: Пираканта ярко-красная

Pyracantha coccinea, the scarlet firethorn[1] is the European species of firethorn or red firethorn that has been cultivated in gardens since the late 16th century.[2] The tree has small white flowers. It produces small, bright red berries. Its leaves are slightly toothed and grow opposite to one another. The fruit is bitter and astringent, making it inedible when raw. The fruit can be cooked to make jellies, jams, sauces and marmalade. It ranges from southern Europe to western Asia. It has been introduced to North America and cultivated there as an ornamental plant since the 18th century.

In England, since the late 18th century, it has been used to cover unsightly walls.[3]
The flowers of pyracantha

Pyracantha coccinea 'Kasan'.[4]
Pyracantha coccinea 'Lalandei'. About 1874, M. Lalande, a nurseryman in Angers, France, selected from seedlings of P. coccinea an improved form, more freely berrying than the type. A sport has produced a yellow-berried form. These, and further selections, have largely ousted the ordinary form from nursery stock.[5]
Pyracantha coccinea 'Sparkler'.[6]

References and external links

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Pyracantha coccinea". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 16 October 2015.
Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and Their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Pyracantha" notes that it does not appear in John Gerard's Herball of 1597 but was in gardens before 1629, when John Parkinson mentions it, as the "ever greene Hawthorne or prickly Corall tree".
Coats (1964) 1992.
P. coccinea 'Kasan' at Retrieved 30 Aug 2017.
Coats (1964) 1992.

P. coccinea 'Sparkler' at Retrieved 30 Aug 2017.

info from
"Pyracantha coccinea". Plants for a Future.

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