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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Pyroloideae
Genera: Chimaphila - Moneses - Orthilia - Pyrola

Pyroloideae Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 3: 1026 (1834).

Type genus: Pyrola L. Sp. Pl. 1: 396 (1753).


Pyrolaceae Lindl., Syn. Brit. Fl. 175 (1829), nom. cons. over Pyroleae Dumort. (1829) if united with Monotropaceae.
Pyroleae Dumort., Anal. Fam. Pl. 47 (1829).

Note: For resurrection of the subfamily see discussion page.

Kosteletzky, V.F. 1834. Allgemeine Medizinisch-Pharmazeutische Flora 3: 1026.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 14, July 2017 [and more or less continuously updated since]. Online. Reference page. 2016. Pyroloideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 21 Apr. 2016.

Pyroloideae is a subfamily of plants in the family Ericaceae. It was formerly treated as a separate family, Pyrolaceae.[1] It has also been treated as the tribe Pyroleae within the subfamily Monotropoideae. It consists of four genera: Chimaphila containing 5 species, Pyrola containing 30 species and Moneses and Orthilia which are monotypic. They are mixotrophic, gaining nutrition from photosynthesis, but also from mycorrhizal fungi.[2]

Image Genus Living Species
Chimaphila umbellata 0966.JPG Chimaphila Pursh
  • Chimaphila japonica
  • Chimaphila maculata (spotted wintergreen, also called striped wintergreen, striped prince's pine or rheumatism root)
  • Chimaphila menziesii (little prince's pine)
  • Chimaphila monticola
  • Chimaphila umbellata (umbellate wintergreen, pipsissewa, or prince's pine)
Moneses uniflora 1437.JPG Moneses Salisb. ex Gray
  • Moneses uniflora, one-flowered wintergreen
Orthilia secunda (7833440846).jpg Orthilia Raf.
  • Orthilia secunda, one-sided-wintergreen
Pyrola grandiflora upernavik 2007-07-15 1.jpg Pyrola L.
  • Pyrola alboreticulata
  • Pyrola americana
  • Pyrola angustifolia
  • Pyrola asarifolia
  • Pyrola atropurpurea
  • Pyrola bracteata
  • Pyrola calliantha
  • Pyrola carpatica
  • Pyrola chlorantha
  • Pyrola chouana
  • Pyrola corbieri
  • Pyrola dahurica
  • Pyrola decorata
  • Pyrola elliptica
  • Pyrola forrestiana
  • Pyrola grandiflora
  • Pyrola japonica
  • Pyrola macrocalyx
  • Pyrola markonica
  • Pyrola mattfeldiana
  • Pyrola media
  • Pyrola minor
  • Pyrola monophylla
  • Pyrola morrisonensis
  • Pyrola nephrophylla
  • Pyrola norvegica
  • Pyrola picta
  • Pyrola pumila
  • Pyrola renifolia
  • Pyrola rotundifolia
  • Pyrola rugosa
  • Pyrola shanxiensis
  • Pyrola sororia
  • Pyrola szechuanica
  • Pyrola tschanbaischanica
  • Pyrola xinjiangensis


Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards). "Ericaceae. Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Retrieved 2014-12-29.
Liu, Z.; Wang, Z.; Zhou, J.; Peng, H. (2010). "Phylogeny of Pyroleae (Ericaceae): implications for character evolution". Journal of Plant Research. 124 (3): 325–337. doi:10.1007/s10265-010-0376-8. PMID 20862511. S2CID 38665814.

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