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Pyrus syriaca 1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Amygdaloideae
Tribus: Maleae
Subtribus: Malinae
Genus: Pyrus
Sectio: P. sect. Pyrus
Species: Pyrus syriaca
Varietates: P. s. var. microphylla – P. s. var. pseudosyriaca – P. s. var. syriaca

Pyrus syriaca Boiss., Diagn. Pl. Orient. 10: 1 (1849).

Typus: Syria in sylvatica regionis montis Cassii (Akra Mountain) supra Cassab. Boissier. (Holotype: G).


Pyrus boveana Decne., Jard. Fruit. 1: t. 10 (1871).
Sorbus glabra Gilib., Fl. Lit. Inch. 2: 233 (1782).
Pyrus bovei Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 2: 423 (1841).
Pyrus angustifolia Decne., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 4: 359 (1835).

Native distribution areas:

Transcaucasus (Armenia, Azerbaijan).
Western Asia
Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon-Syria (Lebanon, Syria), Palestine (Jordan), Turkey

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Boissier, P.E. 1849. Diagnoses Plantarum Orientalium Novarum. ser. 1, no. 10. 122 pp., Parisiis [Paris]: Typis Marci Ducloux et Cons. MDZ Biblioteca Digital Reference page.

Additional references

Grossheim, A.A.† 1952. Flora Kavkaza. Tom. 5: Rosaceae – Leguiminosae. 2. ed., 453 pp., Izdatel'stvo Akademii Nauk SSSR, Moskva & Leningrad. BHL Reference page.
Schönbeck-Temesy, E. 1969. Pyrus. Pp. 27-36 in Rechinger, K.H., Rosaceae I. In: Rechinger, K.H. (ed.) Flora Iranica. Vol. 66. 217 pp., 60 tab., Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt Graz. Reference page.
Feinbrun-Dothan, N. (ed.) 1972. Flora Palaestina 2(Text): 1-489. Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. Reference page.
Townsend, C.C. & Guest, E. (ed.) 1966. Flora of Iraq 2: 1-184. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad. Reference page.
Meikle, R.D. 1977. Flora of Cyprus. Volume One (Pinaceae to Theligonaceae). XII, 832 pp. Bentham-Moxon Trust & Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, London 1977. ISBN 0-9504876-3-5 Reference page.
Browicz, K. 1972. Pyrus. Pp. 160-168 in Davis, P.H. (ed.), Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands. Vol. 4 (Rosaceae to Dipsacaceae). 657 pp. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. ISBN 0-85224-208-5. Reference page.
Browicz, K. 1993. Concept and chorology of the genus Pyrus L. Arboretum Kórnickie 38: 17–33. Reference page.
Güner, A., Aslan, S., Ekim, T., Vural, M. & Babaç, M.T. (eds.) 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul. ISBN 978-605-60425-7-7. Online edition. Reference page.
Uğurlu, Z. & Dönmez, A.A. 2015. Taxonomic and nomenclatural contributions to Pyrus L. (Rosaceae) from Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany 39: 841-849. DOI: 10.3906/bot-1411-34 Open access Reference page.
Ibrahimov, A.M. & Matsyura, A.V. 2018. The wild pear (Pyrus L., Rosaceae ) species in the flora of Azerbaijan Republic. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology 8(1): 730–735. PDF Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2021. Pyrus syriaca. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 March 23. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Pyrus syriaca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 March 23. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Pyrus syriaca. Published online. Accessed: 23 March 2021.

Pyrus syriaca is a deciduous tree in the Rosaceae family.[2][3] It is referred to by the common name Syrian pear. It is the only pear species which grows in the wild in Lebanon,[4] Turkey, Syria and Israel.

The Syrian pear is a protected plant in Israel. It grows in unsalted ground, usually in Mediterranean scrub, in west Syria, in the Galilee and the Golan.

In the months of March and April, the tree blossoms with white flowers. The fruit ripen in the autumn in the months of September and October. The fruit is edible, though not as good as the European Pear, mostly because of hard, stone like objects found in the skin. The ripe fruit falls to the ground and when it starts to rot, the smell attracts wild boars. The boars eat the fruit and distribute the seeds.

Wilson, B. (2018). "Pyrus syriaca". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2018: e.T173016A61613968.

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