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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Quercus baloot

Quercus baloot Griff.

Type Locality: India. East Bengal, W. Griffith 4448 (Isotype, P).


Itinerary Notes of Plants Collected in the Khasyah and Bootan Mountains, 1837-38, in Afghanistan and Neighbouring Countries. 1839-41. Arranged by John M'Clelland. Calcutta 328. 1848
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Quercus baloot in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Quercus baloot, the holm oak or holly oak is a rare species of oak that was described by Griffith in 1848. It is native to the Himalayas from 1,000–3,000 metres (3,300–9,800 ft).[1]


The species is an evergreen shrub that is 2.5–8 metres (8 ft 2 in–26 ft 3 in) tall. It have leaves that are 2.5–7.5 centimetres (0.98–2.95 in) by 2.5–8 centimetres (0.98–3.15 in) long and are elliptic and obovate to oblong. They are also green in colour and have 3–4 millimetres (0.12–0.16 in) long petioles. Females' peduncles are 2–4.2 centimetres (0.79–1.65 in) long and are located on the flowers. It also have stamens that have hairs that are 1.2 millimetres (0.047 in) long and 2 millimetres (0.079 in) long filaments. The cupule is 1.2–1.3 centimetres (0.47–0.51 in) wide while the acorn itself is 1.5–1.7 centimetres (0.59–0.67 in) long.[2]

it is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan and India (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh).

"Quercus baloot". Oaks of the World. Retrieved 3 December 2013.

"Quercus baloot". Flora of Pakistan. p. 7.

Further reading
Quercus baloot Griff., Itin. Not. 328. 1848
Nasrullah Khan; Moinuddin Ahmed; Muhammad Wahab; Kanwal Nazim; Muhammad Ajaib (2010). "Phytosociology, Structure and Physiochemical Analysis of Soil in Quercus baloot Griff, Forest District Chitral, Pakistan" (PDF). Pakistan Journal of Botany. Karachi, Pakistan. 42 (4): 2429–2441.

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