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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fagales

Familia: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Quercus semecarpifolia

Quercus semecarpifolia Sm., 1814

Quercus cassura Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 57 (1825).
Quercus obtusifolia D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 56 (1825).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Asia-Temperate
Regional: Central Asia
Regional: Indian subcontinent
East Himalaya, Nepal, Pakistan, Tibet, West Himalaya
Continental: Asia-Tropical
Regional: Southeastern Asia
Myanmar, Thailand

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Smith, J.E. in A. Rees, 1814. The Cyclopaedia 29: Quercus no. 20.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. & Frodin, D. 1998. World Checklist and Bibliography of Fagales (Betulaceae, Corylaceae, Fagaceae and Ticodendraceae). VIII + 408 p. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. ISBN 1-900347-46-6. Reference page.
Phengklai, C. (2006). A synoptic account of the Fagaceae of Thailand Thai Forest Bulletin (Botany) 34: 53-175.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Quercus semecarpifolia in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 03. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Quercus semecarpifolia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 03. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Quercus semecarpifolia. Published online. Accessed: Jul 03 2021. 2021. Quercus semecarpifolia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 03.
Hassler, M. 2021. Quercus semecarpifolia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 Jul 03. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. World Plants. Synonymic Checklist and Distribution of the World Flora. . Quercus semecarpifolia. Accessed: 03 Jul 2021.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Quercus semecarpifolia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Kharsu Oak

Quercus semecarpifolia is an Asian species of trees in the beech family. It is native to the Himalayas and nearby mountains in Tibet, Afghanistan, India, Nepal, and Pakistan.[2]

Quercus semecarpifolia is an evergreen tree up to 30 meters tall. Leaves are up to 12 cm long, with a few teeth along the sides but rounded at the tip.[2][3] It has been grown in middle Europe, Western Germany, winter-hardiness zone 7, withstanding -14 °C, without any damages. It gives a good, showy bush to small tree with lush green leaves. The epithet "semecarpifolia" refers to a resemblance between the leaves of this species and those of Semecarpus anacardium.[3]
Fossil record

Fossils of Quercus semecarpifolia have been described from the fossil flora of Kızılcahamam district in Turkey, which is of early Pliocene age.[4]

"Quercus semecarpifolia Sm.". World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (WCSP). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew – via The Plant List.
Huang, Chengjiu; Zhang, Yongtian; Bartholomew, Bruce. "Quercus semecarpifolia". Flora of China. Vol. 4 – via, Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Smith, James Edward in Rees. 1814 The cyclopædia; or, Universal dictionary of arts, sciences, and literature. volume 29, pages not numbered, Quercus number 20
Kasaplıgil, Baki (1977). "Ankara, Kızılcahamam yakınındaki Güvem köyü civarında bulunan son tersiyer kozalaklı-yeşil yapraklı ormanı" [A Late-Tertiary Conifer-Hardwood Forest From the Vicinity of Güvem Village, Near Kızılcahamam, Ankara] (PDF). Bulletin of the Mineral Research and Exploration (in Turkish and English). Ankara: General Directorate of Mineral Research and Exploration. 88: 94-102.

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