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Rosa nitida

Rosa nitida, (*)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Rosaceae
Subfamilia: Rosoideae
Tribus: Roseae
Genus: Rosa
Subgenus: R. subg. Rosa
Sectio: R. sect. Rosa
Series: R. ser. Rosa
Species: Rosa nitida

Rosa nitida Willd. (1809)

Rosa nitida f. spinosa W.H.Lewis, Rhodora 60: 237. 1958.
Rosa redoutea var. rubescens Thory, Roses 1: 102, 103. 1817.


Willdenow, C.L.v. 1809: Enum. Pl. 1: 544.

Vernacular names
čeština: růže lesklá[1]
suomi: Nukkeruusu

Rosa nitida, also known as the shining rose[1] due to its glossy leaves (nitidus is Latin for 'shining'[2]), is a perennial[3] species in the plant genus Rosa in the plant family Rosaceae. It is native to northeastern North America, from Connecticut north to Newfoundland and Quebec. It forms a low, suckering, deciduous shrub, growing up to a metre in height, although often less. Its stems are thin and covered in fine bristles. Its pinnate leaves have 7 to 9 shining leaflets which turn bright red, yellow and purple in the fall. Its small pink flowers appear in summer and are subtly but sweetly scented, smelling like Convallaria ("Lily-of-the-Valley").[4] They are followed by small, round, red hips.

Rosa nitida is very hardy, tolerating temperatures as low as −40 °C (−40 °F), and will grow in a wide variety of soil conditions, including soils which are poor, acidic and waterlogged. In the wild it grows in bogs and by the edges of ponds. In the garden it is admired for its good leaf coloration in the fall.
Conservation status in the United States

It is a special concern species and believed extirpated in Connecticut,[5] and endangered in New York.[6]

Phillips, R. and Rix, M., The Ultimate Guide to Roses, Macmillan, 2004, p24
Quest-Ritson, C. and Quest-Ritson, B., The Royal Horticultural Society Encyclopedia of Roses, Dorling Kindersley, 2003, p286
"Plants Profile for Rosa nitida (shining rose)". Retrieved 14 January 2018.
Phillips, R. and Rix, M. Roses, Macmillan, 1994, p21
"Connecticut's Endangered, Threatened and Special Concern Species 2015". State of Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection Bureau of Natural Resources. Retrieved 12 January 2018. (Note: This list is newer than the one used by and is more up-to-date.)
"Plants Profile for Rosa nitida (shining rose)". Retrieved 14 January 2018.'

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