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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Acanthaceae
Subfamilia: Acanthoideae
Tribus: Ruellieae
Subtribus: Ruelliinae
Genera: AcanthopaleCalacanthusDischistocalyxRuelliaSatanocrater – Stachyacanthus


Ruelliinae Nees, in N. Wallich, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 75. (1832)

Type genus: Ruellia L. Sp. Pl. 2: 634 (1753)


Nees von Esenbeck, C.G.D. 1832. Plantae Asiaticae Rariores: or, Descriptions and figures of a select number of unpublished East Indian plants 3: 75.
Olmstead, R.G. (ed.) 2016. A Synoptical Classification of the Lamiales. Version 2.6.2 (in prog.). 20 pp. (PDF) Reference page.
Manzitto‐Tripp, E.A., Darbyshire, I., Daniel, T.F., Kiel, C.A. & McDade, L.A. 2021. Revised classification of Acanthaceae and worldwide dichotomous keys. Taxon. DOI: 10.1002/tax.12600 Open access Reference page.
Tripp, E.A., Daniel, T.F., Fatimah, S. & McDade, L.A. 2013. Phylogenetic relationships within Ruellieae (Acanthaceae) and a revised classification. International Journal of Plant Sciences 174: 97-137. DOI: 10.1086/668248 JSTOR Reference page.

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