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Salvia austriaca

Salvia austriaca (Photo: *)

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Lamiales

Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Subtribus: Salviinae
Genus: Salvia
Subgenus: S. subg. Sclarea
Sectio: S. sect. Plethiosphace
Species: Salvia austriaca

Salvia austriaca Jacq., 1774

Elelis austriaca (Jacq.) Raf., Fl. Tellur. 3: 93 (1837).
Sclarea austriaca (Jacq.) Soják, Cas. Nár. Mus., Odd. Prír. 152: 21 (1983).
Salvia sclaraea Crantz, Stirp. Austr. Fasc., ed. 2, 2: 236 (1769), nom. illeg.
Salvia bavarica Schrank, Baier. Fl. 2: 133 (1789).
Sclarea distans Moench, Methodus: 375 (1794).
Salvia distans (Moench) Pohl, Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 29 (1809).

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Europe
Regional: Central Europe
Austria, Belarus, Czechoslovakia, Hungary
Regional: Southeastern Europe
Bulgaria, Krym, Romania, South European Russi, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Jacquin, N. von 1774. Florae Austriacae, sive plantarum selectarum in Austriae archiducatu sponte crescentium, icones, ad vivum coloratae, et descriptionibus, ac synononymis illustratae. Vol. 2, 60 p., Viennae. Biblioteca Digital Reference page. : 2: 8: T. 112.

Additional references

Govaerts, R.H.A. 2003. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [unavailable for the public] Reference page.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2022. Salvia austriaca in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2022. Salvia austriaca. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2022. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2022 May 08. Reference page. 2022. Salvia austriaca. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 08 May 2022.
International Plant Names Index. 2022. Salvia austriaca. Published online. Accessed: May 08 2022.

Vernacular names
Türkçe: Avusturya ada çayı

Salvia austriaca, or Austrian sage, is a native of high altitudes across Russia and eastern Europe. The plant has a basal rosette of leaves 1 m across, which give off a fetid odor when brushed. The individual leaves are approx. 30 cm long, with indented midrib and veins. The flower stalk grows 60 cm or more above the foliage, with pale yellow flowers in whorls of six or more that make an inflorescence 20–25 cm long.[1]

Clebsch, Betsy; Barner, Carol D. (2003). The New Book of Salvias. Timber Press. p. 39. ISBN 978-0-88192-560-9.

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