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Sanicula marilandica RF

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Campanulids
Ordo: Apiales

Familia: Apiaceae
Subfamilia: Saniculoideae
Tribus: Saniculeae
Genus: Sanicula
Species: Sanicula marilandica

Sanicula marilandica L., Sp. Pl.: 235 (1753).

Caucalis marilandica (L.) Crantz
Sanicula marilandica var. petiolulata Fernald
Triclinium marilandica (L.) Rafin.

Native distribution areas:

Continental: Northern America
USA (Alabama, Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Maryland, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Mississippi, Montana, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Virginia, Vermont, Washington State, Wisconsin, West Virginia, Wyoming), Canada (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Isl., Quebec, Saskatchewan), St. Pierre et Miquelon

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

Linnaeus, C. 1753. Species Plantarum. Tomus I: 235. Reference page.


Hassler, M. 2018. Sanicula marilandica. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2018. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 17. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2018. Sanicula marilandica. Published online. Accessed: Sept. 17 2018.
The Plant List 2013. Sanicula marilandica in The Plant List Version 1.1. Published online. Accessed: 2018 Sept. 17. 2018. Sanicula marilandica. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 17 Sept. 2018.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Sanicula marilandica in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
English: Maryland Black Snakeroot

Sanicula marilandica, the Maryland sanicle[1] or Maryland black snakeroot, is a flowering plant widespread in North America but rare along the Pacific coast of the continent and Texas. Sanicula marilandica is listed as Sensitive in Washington state.

Leaves with deeply incised lobes radiating out from the same point. Every leaf has no set number of leaflets, but commonly will have 5–7. The plant is not tall, but the fruiting stalk will rise up to 2 feet, bearing tiny green flowers in the spring. In the fall, the fruit stalk carries dehiscent fruit which splits, bearing small spines.

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Sanicula marilandica". The PLANTS Database ( Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 30 October 2015.

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