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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Theaceae
Tribus: Gordonieae
Genus: Schima
Species: S. argentea – S. brevifolia – S. brevipedicellata – S. crenata – S. khasiana – S. multibracteata – S. noronhae – S. parviflora – S. remotiserrata – S. sericans – S. sinensis – S. superba – S. villosa – S. wallichii
Name

Schima Reinw. ex Blume (1823).

Type species: S. excelsa Blume

Synonyms

Homotypic
Antheischima Korth., Verh. Nat. Gesch. Bot. ed. Temminck 137 t. 27. 1840, nom. illeg.

References

Blume, C.L. 1823: Cat. Gew. Buitenz. 80.
Stevens, P.F. 2001 onwards: Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 6, May 2005. Theaceae.
Flora of China (draft) Theaceae.

Schima is a genus of evergreen trees belonging to the tea family, Theaceae.[1]

The genus inhabits warm temperate to subtropical climates across southern and southeastern Asia, from the eastern Himalaya of Nepal and eastern India across Indochina, southern China, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands. There are about 20 species, including six species endemic to China.[1]

Fossil record

Fossil fruits of Schima have been described as †Schima nanlinensis, from the Miocene of Nanlin Formation in Longchuan Basin, Dehong Autonomous Prefecture, Yunnan Province, China. The fossil fruits are 5-loculed capsules with reniform flat seeds. The genus Schima is known as fossils from the Palaeogene and Neogene of Germany and Austria. †Schima nanlinensis represents the first fossil record of the genus in Asia.[2]
Species (accepted)

Schima brevipedicellata Hung T. Chang
Schima crenata Korth.
Schima khasiana Dyer
Schima multibracteata Hung T. Chang
Schima noronhae Reinw.
Schima parviflora W.C. Cheng & Hung T. Chang
Schima remotiserrata Hung T. Chang
Schima sericans (Hand.-Mazz.) T.L. Ming
Schima sericans var. paracrenata (Hung T. Chang) T.L. Ming
Schima sinensis (Hemsl. & E.H. Wilson) Airy Shaw
Schima superba Gardner & Champ.
Schima villosa Hu
Schima wallichii Choisy

Species (unresolved)

Schima argentea E.Pritz. ex Diels
Schima bambusifolia Hu
Schima bancana Miq.
Schima beccarii Warb.
Schima boninensis Melch.
Schima boninensis Nakai
Schima brevifolia Baill. ex Stapf
Schima dulungensis H.T.Chang & C.S.Ye
Schima excelsa Blume
Schima hypochra Pierre
Schima hypoglauca Miq.
Schima lobbii (Hook.f.) Pierre
Schima lowii Pierre
Schima mairei Hochr.
Schima mertensiana Koidz.
Schima mollis Dyer
Schima monticola Kurz
Schima oblata Kurz
Schima polyneura H.T.Chang
Schima pulgarensis Elmer
Schima rigida Miq.
Schima sericea Airy Shaw
Schima sulcinervia Miq.
Schima wallichii (DC.) Korth.

References

Tianlu Min & Bruce Bartholomew. "Schima". Flora of China. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA. Retrieved 16 June 2012.

Fruits of Schima (Theaceae) and seeds of Toddalia (Rutaceae) from the Miocene of Yunnan Province, China by Ya Li, Jian Yang, Nilamber Awasthi and Cheng-Sen Li in Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 193:119–127 · June 2013

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