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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Cladus: Lamiids
Ordo: Solanales

Familia: Solanaceae
Subfamilia: Solanoideae
Tribus: Solandreae
Genus: Solandra
Species: S. boliviana – S. brachycalyx – S. brevicalyx – S. grandiflora – S. guerrerensis – S. guttata – S. longiflora – S. maxima – S. nizandensis – S. paraensis

Solandra Sw., 1787, nom. cons.

Type species: S. grandiflora Sw.


Swartsia J.F.Gmel., Syst. Nat. 2: 296, 360. 1791, non Swartzia Schreb, nom. cons. (1791).


Solandra L. (1759) nom. rej. = Centella L.
Solandra Murray (1785), nom. rej. = Hibiscus L.


Swartz, O.P. 1787. Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 8: 300.
GRIN Taxonomy for Plants

Vernacular names
English: chalice vine
eesti: Kuldkarikas
svenska: Solandrasläktet

Solandra /soʊˈlændrə/[1] is a genus of flowering plants in the nightshade family, Solanaceae. It is named after the Swedish naturalist Daniel C. Solander.[2]

The vines it contains are commonly known as chalice vines and are native to the Caribbean, Mexico and South America. They have very large flowers and glossy foliage. Also called Cup of Gold.

Solandra grandiflora was once (and likely still is) used by the Huichol of Mexico and other tribes of the region where it is known by the name "kieli" or "kieri" with some archaeological evidence supporting the theory that its use as a hallucinogen predates that of peyote (Lophophora williamsii). A tea from the branches and more so from the roots and fruits is used as an inebriant in native traditions. The alkaloids present include atropine, noratropine, hyoscyamine, and tropine with about 0.15% overall content in the leaves.[3][4]

In all ten species are recognized:[3]

Solandra boliviana
Solandra brachycalyx
Solandra brevicalyx
Solandra grandiflora
Solandra guerrerensis
Solandra guttata
Solandra longiflora
Solandra maxima
Solandra nizandensis
Solandra paraensis

Selected species

Image Scientific name Distribution
Solandra grandiflora by Scott Zona - 003.jpg Solandra grandiflora Sw. Tropical America
Solandra longiflora - Brooklyn Botanic Garden - Brooklyn, NY - DSC08024.JPG Solandra longiflora Tussac Venezuela, Ecuador, Suriname
Solandra maxima IMG 1810.JPG Solandra maxima (Sessé & Moc.) P.S.Green – Golden chalice vine, Cup of Gold, Hawaiian lily Mexico and Central America


Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607
Genaust, Helmut (1976). Etymologisches Wörterbuch der botanischen Pflanzennamen ISBN 3-7643-0755-2
Bernardello, Luis M.; Hunziker, Armando T. (1987-12-01). "A synoptical revision of Solandra (Solanaceae)". Nordic Journal of Botany. 7 (6): 639–652. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.1987.tb02032.x. ISSN 1756-1051.
"Solandra grandiflora - Chalice Vine". Entheology.

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