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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamilia: Amaryllidoideae
Tribus: Amaryllideae
Subtribus: Strumariinae
Genera: BrunsvigiaCrossyneHesseaNamaquanulaNerineStrumaria

Nothogenus: × Brunserine


Strumariinae Traub ex D.Müll.-Doblies & U.Müll.-Doblies, Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001.

Brunsvigiinae Baker in J. Bot. 16: 163. ante 11 Jun 1878.

References Strumariinae.

Strumariinae is one of four subtribes within the tribe Amaryllideae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, family Amaryllidaceae), found in southern Africa.[2][3]

Crossyne guttata, showing prostrate leaves

The leaves are often prostrate (on the ground). The flowers may be zygomorphic or actinomorphic, and may or may not have a perigone tube. The stamens are connate (fused) into a tube at their proximal end. However Strumaria has one whorl of the stamens fused to the style. The fruit is dehiscent with seeds that have a well-developed integument that is chlorophyllous with a stomatose testa.[2]

Strumariinae are placed within Amaryllideae as follow:

These are phylogenetically related as follows:

Tribe Amaryllideae

Subtribe Amaryllidinae

Subtribe Boophoninae

Subtribe Strumariinae

Subtribe Crininae


Strumariinae consists of six genera, related as follows, with number of species in each genus in (parentheses):[2]


Nerine (~23)

Brunsvigia (~23)

Namaquanula (2)

Hessea (13)

Strumaria (24)

Crossyne (2)


Bot. Jahrb. 107: 18. 1985 emend Meerow & Snijman, 2001
Meerow & Snijman 2001.

Vigneron 2008.


Müller-Doblies, U.; Müller-Doblies, D. (1996). "Tribes and subtribes and some species combinations in Amaryllidaceae J St Hil R Dahlgren & al. 1985". Feddes Repertorium. 107 (5–6): S.c.1–S.c.9.
Meerow, Alan W.; Snijman, Deirdre A. (December 2001). "Phylogeny of Amaryllidaceae Tribe Amaryllideae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences and Morphology". American Journal of Botany. 88 (12): 2321–2330. doi:10.2307/3558392. JSTOR 3558392. PMID 21669663.
Snijman, D. A. and H. P. Linder. 1996. Phylogenetic relationships, seed characters, and dispersal system evolution in Amaryllideae (Amaryllidaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 83: 362-386
Vigneron, Pascal (2008). "Amaryllidaceae". (in French). Archived from the original on 4 January 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
"Amaryllidaceae: A taxonomic tool for the Amaryllidaceae of the world". eMonocot. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-02-26.
Katja Weiehhardt-Kulessa, Thomas Bórner, Jiirgen Sehmitz, Ute Müller-Doblies, and Dietrich Müller-Doblies. 2000. Controversial taxonomy of Strumariinae (Amaryllidaceae) investigated by nuclear rDNA (ITS) sequences. 1. Hessea, Namaquanula, Kamiesbergia, and Dewinterella. Plant Syst. Evol. 223:1-13 (2000)

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