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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Ordo: Ranunculales

Familia: Papaveraceae
Subfamilia: Papaveroideae
Tribus: Chelidonieae
Genus: Stylophorum
Species: S. diphyllum – S. lasiocarpum – S. sutchuenense

Stylophorum Nutt., Gen. N. Amer. Pl. 2: 7. 1818.

Type species: S. diphyllum
(Michx.) Nutt.

Hassler, M. 2020. Stylophorum. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 21. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Stylophorum in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 March 21. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Stylophorum. Published online. Accessed: 21 March 2020.

Vernacular names

Stylophorum (celandine-poppy) is a genus of three species of herbaceous perennial plants native to woodland in eastern North America and China.

Stems are bristly, and leaves are lobed and have wavy edges.

Flowers are yellow and have four petals and an unusually long style, for which the genus is named. Several may be found on each stem.

The closely related Hylomecon vernalis has only one flower on each stem, and the greater celandine (Chelidonium majus) has branched stems and no bracts or bracteoles.

There are three species:

Image Name Distribution
Celandine Poppy Stylophorum diphyllum Flower Crop 2220px.jpg Stylophorum diphyllum eastern North America
Stylophorum lasiocarpum 2016-05-17 0508b.jpg Stylophorum lasiocarpum central and eastern China
Stylophorum sutchuenense western China


Christopher Grey-Wilson, Poppies (Portland: Timber Press, 2000) ISBN 0-88192-503-9 pp. 42–44

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