Fine Art

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Ericaceae
Subfamilia: Epacridoideae
Tribus: Styphelieae
Genus: Styphelia
Species: S. abnormis – S. abscondita – S. acervata – S. acuminata – S. adscendens – S. allittii – S. angustiflora – S. angustifolia – S. appressa – S. attenuata – S. balansae – S. biflora – S. blakei – S. blepharolepis – S. brevicuspis – S. breviflora – S. cernua – S. chlorantha – S. ciliosa – S. clelandii – S. coelophylla – S. cognata – S. compacta – S. conchifolia – S. concinna – S. conferta – S. cordifolia – S. corynocarpa – S. coryphila – S. crassiflora – S. crassifolia – S. cuspidata – S. cymbiformis – S. cymbulae – S. dammarifolia – S. decussata – S. deformis – S. densifolia – S. deserticola – S. dielsiana – S. discolor – S. disjuncta – S. enervia – S. epacridis – S. erectifolia – S. ericoides – S. erubescens – S. esquamata – S. exarrhena – S. exolasia – S. exserta – S. filamentosa – S. filifolia – S. flavescens – S. fletcheri – S. flexifolia – S. foliosa – S. forbesii – S. geniculata – S. glaucifolia – S. grandiflora – S. hainesii – S. hamulosa – S. hispida – S. humifusa – S. imbricata – S. inopinata – S. insularis – S. intertexta – S. kingiana – S. laeta – S. lanata – S. lavarackii – S. leptantha – S. leptospermoides – S. lissanthoides – S. longifolia – S. longissima – S. longistylis – S. lucens – S. macrocalyx – S. macrocarpa – S. malayana – S. margarodes – S. marginata – S. melaleucoides – S. microcalyx – S. microdonta – S. mitchellii – S. multiflora – S. mutica – S. nana – S. neoanglica – S. nesophila – S. nitens – S. oblongifolia – S. obtecta – S. pallida – S. pancheri – S. pendula – S. pentapogona – S. perileuca – S. piliflora – S. planifolia – S. pogonocalyx – S. propinqua – S. prostrata – S. psiloclada – S. psilopus – S. pubescens – S. quartzitica – S. racemulosa – S. rectiloba – S. recurvisepala – S. retrorsa – S. rigidus – S. riparia – S. rotundifolia – S. rufa – S. rupicola – S. ruscifolia – S. saxicola – S. serratifolia – S. setigera – S. sieberi – S. sonderensis – S. stomarrhena – S. striata – S. strongylophylla – S. subulata – S. sulcata – S. tamminensis – S. tecta – S. tenuiflora – S. tortifolia – S. trichostyla – S. triflora – S. tubiflora – S. veillonii – S. viridis – S. wetarensis – S. williamsiorum – S. woodsii – S. xerophylla – S. yorkensis
Source(s) of checklist:

Styphelia Sm., Spec. Bot. New Holland 45. 1795.
Type species: non design.


Styphelia sect. Eustyphelia Benth., nom. inval.
Styphelia subg. Eustyphelia Drude, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(1): 77. 1889, nom. inval.

Soleniscia DC., Prodr. 7(2): 737. 1839.
Type species: Soleniscia elegans DC.
Styphelia sect. Soleniscia (DC.) Benth.
Astroloma sect. Stenanthera (R.Br.) Benth.
Stenanthera R.Br., p.p.
Styphelia sect. Ventenatia (Cav.) Kuntze, nom. illeg., p.p.


Smith, J.E. 1793-1795. A specimen of the botany of New Holland. Published and illustrated by James Sowerby. Reference page. : 45.


Hassler, M. 2020. Styphelia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2020. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 26. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Styphelia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 26. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2020. Styphelia. Published online. Accessed: Apr 26 2020. 2020. Styphelia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Apr 26.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Styphelia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Vernacular names
čeština: Drásala
русский: Стифелия

Styphelia is a genus of shrubs in the family Ericaceae and is endemic to Australia. Most have minute or small leaves with a sharp tip, single, tube-shaped flowers arranged in leaf axils and with the ends of the petals rolled back with hairs in the inside of the tube.


Plants in the genus Styphelia are usually erect or spreading shrubs that have egg-shaped, elliptical or oblong, more or less sessile leaves with many fine, almost parallel veins and a sharp point on the tip. The flowers are usually arranged singly in leaf axils with small bracts grading to larger bracteoles at the base and five, usually coloured sepals. The petals are fused to form a cylindrical tube with their tips rolled back. The inside of the petal tube is hairy and the five stamens and thread-like style extend beyond the end of the tube. The fruit is a drupe with a dry or slightly fleshy mesocarp and a hard endocarp.[1][2][3]
Taxonomy and naming

The genus Styphelia was first formally described in 1795 by James Edward Smith in his book A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland.[4][5] The name Styphelia is from an ancient Greek word meaning "tough" or "harsh", referring to the "stiff, prickly leaves and general habit" of the genus.[6]
Species list

The following is a list of species, subspecies and varieties accepted by the Australian Plant Census as at April 2020:[7]

Styphelia adscendens R.Br. - golden heath (N.S.W., S.A., Vic., Tas.)
Styphelia angustifolia DC. (N.S.W.)
Styphelia exarrhena (F.Muell.) F.Muell. - desert styphelia (S.A., Vic.)
Styphelia exserta (F.Muell.) Sleumer (W.A.)
Styphelia hainesii F.Muell. (W.A.)
Styphelia intertexta A.S.George (W.A.)
Styphelia laeta R.Br. (N.S.W.)
Styphelia laeta R.Br. subsp. laeta
Styphelia laeta subsp. latifolia (R.Br.) J.M.Powell
Styphelia longifolia R.Br. (N.S.W.)
Styphelia melaleucoides F.Muell. (W.A.)
Styphelia melaleucoides R.Br. var. melaleucoides
Styphelia melaleucoides subsp. ovata Benth.
Styphelia mitchellii
Styphelia perileuca J.M.Powell - montane green five-corners (N.S.W.)
Styphelia psiloclada J.M.Powell (N.S.W.)
Styphelia tenuiflora Benth. - common pinheath (W.A.)
Styphelia triflora Andrews - pink five-corners (Qld., N.S.W., A.C.T.)
Styphelia tubiflora Sm. - red five-corner (N.S.W.)
Styphelia viridis Andrews (Qld., N.S.W.)

However, in 2020 a phylogenetic study by Darren Crayn, Michael Hislop and Caroline Peunte-Lelievre[8] argued the need to sink Astroloma and Coelanthera into Styphelia. This was accepted by the Western Australian Herbarium, resulting in the inclusion of all Western Australian species of Austroloma in Styphelia giving the following additional species[9] (list not complete):

Styphelia coelophylla (DC.) Hislop, Crayn & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia pallida (R.Br.) Spreng.
Styphelia pendula (R.Br.) Spreng.
Styphelia pentapogona F.Muell.
Styphelia planifolia (Sond.) Sleumer
Styphelia pogonocalyx (Benth.) F.Muell.
Styphelia propinqua (R.Br.) Spreng.
Styphelia prostrata (R.Br.) F.Muell.
Styphelia psilopus (Stschegl.) Hislop, Crayn & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia pubescens (S.Moore) Hislop, Crayn & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia pulchella (Stschegl.) Druce
Styphelia quartzitica Hislop
Styphelia stomarrhena (Sond.) Sleumer
Styphelia subulata (F.Muell.) Hislop, Crayn & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia sulcata Hislop & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia tamminensis (E.Pritz.) Sleumer
Styphelia tecta (R.Br.) Spreng.
Styphelia tortifolia Hislop, Crayn & Puente-Lel.
Styphelia williamsiorum Hislop & Puente-Lel.


Species of Styphelia occur in all Australian mainland states and the Australian Capital Territory.[7]

"Genus Styphelia". Royal Botanic Garden, Sydney. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
"Styphelia". Royal Botanic Gardens, Victoria. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
"Styphelia Sm". FloraBase. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
"Styphelia Sm". APNI. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
Smith, James Edward (1795). A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland. London: J. Sowerby. p. 45. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
Francis Aubie Sharr (2019). Western Australian Plant Names and their Meanings. Kardinya, Western Australia: Four Gables Press. p. 116. ISBN 9780958034180.
"Styphelia". Australian Plant Census. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
Crayn, D.M.; Hislop, M.D.; Puente-Lelièvre, C. (2020). "A phylogenetic recircumscription of Styphelia (Ericaceae, Epacridoideae, Styphelieae)". Australian Systematic Botany. 33 (2): 137–168. doi:10.1071/SB18050. ISSN 1030-1887. Wikidata Q102898970.
"FloraBase search: Styphelia". FloraBase. Retrieved 27 December 2020.

Plants, Fine Art Prints

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from ""
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World