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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Asterids
Ordo: Ericales

Familia: Pentaphylacaceae
Tribus: Ternstroemieae
Genus: Ternstroemia
Species: T. acajetensis – T. acrodantha – T. acuminata – T. africana – T. alnifolia – T. amistadensis – T. aracae – T. asymmetrica – T. baracoensis – T. barkeri – T. beccarii – T. biangulipes – T. borbensis – T. brachypoda – T. brasiliensis – T. brevistyla – T. britteniana – T. browniana – T. bullata – T. buxifolia – T. calycina – T. camelliifolia – T. cameroonensis – T. campinicola – T. candolleana – T. carnosa – T. cernua – T. chapaensis – T. cherryi – T. circumscissilis – T. citrina – T. cleistogama – T. clusiifolia – T. compacta – T. congestiflora – T. coniocarpa – T. coriacea – T. crassifolia – T. cuneifolia – T. dehiscens – T. delicatula – T. dentata – T. dentisepala – T. discoidea – T. discolor – T. distyla – T. duidae – T. dura – T. ekmanii – T. elliptica – T. elongata – T. emarginata – T. evenia – T. flavescens – T. foetida – T. fragrans – T. gitingensis – T. glandulosa – T. gleasoniana – T. globiflora – T. glomerata – T. gracilifolia – T. grandiosa – T. granulata – T. guanchezii – T. gymnanthera – T. hainanensis – T. hartii – T. heptasepala – T. hosei – T. houtsoortiana – T. howardiana – T. huasteca – T. insignis – T. jelskii – T. kanehirae – T. killipiana – T. kjellbergii – T. klugiana – T. krukoffiana – T. kwangtungensis – T. laevigata – T. landae – T. ledermannii – T. lehmannii – T. liesneriana – T. lineata – T. longipes – T. lowii – T. luquillensis – T. luteoflora – T. maclellandiana – T. macrocarpa – T. magnifica – T. maguirei – T. maltbya – T. megaloptycha – T. meiocarpa – T. meridionalis – T. merrilliana – T. microcalyx – T. microphylla – T. moaensis – T. monostigma – T. montana – T. multiovulata – T. mutisiana – T. nabirensis – T. nashii – T. nitida – T. oleifolia – T. oligostemon – T. pachytrocha – T. palembangensis – T. parviflora – T. patens – T. peduncularis – T. penangiana – T. penduliflora – T. philippinensis – T. polyandra – T. polypetala – T. prancei – T. pubescens – T. punctata – T. pungens – T. quinquepartita – T. retusifolia – T. robinsonii – T. rostrata – T. schomburgkiana – T. scortechinii – T. selleana – T. serrata – T. sichuanensis – T. simaoensis – T. stahlii – T. steyermarkii – T. subcaudata – T. subserrata – T. subsessilis – T. sylvatica – T. tepezapote – T. toquian – T. tristyla – T. unilocularis – T. urdanetensis – T. urophora – T. verticillata – T. wallichiana – T. washikiatii – T. yunnanensis
Name

Ternstroemia Mutis ex L.f., Suppl. Pl. 39, 264. (1782), nom. cons.

Type species: Ternstroemia meridionalis Mutis, Amer. 1: t. 9; ex Linn. f. Suppl. 264. (1782)

Synonyms

Heterotypic
Adinandrella Exell
Amphania Banks ex DC.
Cyclandra Lauterb.
Dupinia Scop.
Erythrochiton Griff. non Erythrochiton Nees & Mart., Nova Acta Phys.-Med. Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 11: 151, 165. (1823) (Rutaceae)
Hoferia Scop.
Llanosia Blanco
Michoxia Vell.
Mokof Adans.
Mokofua Kuntze
Reinwardtia Korth. non Reinwardtia Dumort., Commentat. Bot. (Dumort.) 19. (1822) (Linaceae)
Taonabo Aubl.
Voelckeria Klotzsch & H.Karst. ex Endl.

References

Mutis, J.C.B. 1782. Supplementum Plantarum Systematis Vegetabilium Editionis Decimae Tertiae 39, 264.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Ternstroemia in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2021 June 18. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Ternstroemia. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published online. Accessed: 2021 June 18. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2016. Ternstroemia. Published online. Accessed: May 20 2016.
Tropicos.org 2016. Ternstroemia. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 20 May 2016.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Ternstroemia in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 09-Oct-10.

Ternstroemia is a genus of flowering plants in the family Pentaphylacaceae.[1] It is distributed in tropical and subtropical regions in Africa, Asia, and the Americas.[2]

These are evergreen shrubs and trees. The leaves are alternately arranged, sometimes in clusters. Species are androdioecious, with some individuals bearing bisexual flowers and others with flowers that are functionally male. Flowers are solitary or borne in clusters. The flower has two bracteoles, five sepals, five petals, and many stamens. The berry-like fruit contains seeds that have red flesh over a thick endosperm. They are likely dispersed by birds.[2]

T. gymnanthera is an Asian species cultivated as an ornamental plant.[3][4] T. pringlei is one of the most widely used medicinal plants in Mexico.[5]

The genus was named in honour of Christopher Tärnström. There are about 90 species in the genus.[2]

Species include:[6][7]

Ternstroemia bullata Proctor
Ternstroemia calycina Fawc. & Rendle
Ternstroemia cherreyi
Ternstroemia cleistogama Kobuski
Ternstroemia corneri H.Keng
Ternstroemia evenia (King) A.C.Sm.
Ternstroemia glomerata Proctor
Ternstroemia granulata Krug & Urb.
Ternstroemia gymnanthera (Wight & Arn.) Sprague – Japanese ternstoemia, cleyera
Ternstroemia heptasepala – saintedwood
Ternstroemia howardiana Kobuski
Ternstroemia landae Standl. & L.O.Williams
Ternstroemia lineata DC.
Ternstroemia luquillensis Krug & Urb. – palo colorado
Ternstroemia maclellandiana Ridl.
Ternstroemia peduncularis – copey vera
Ternstroemia penangiana Choisy
Ternstroemia polypetala Melch.
Ternstroemia selleana Ekman & Schmidt[8]
Ternstroemia stahlii – mamey de cura
Ternstroemia subsessilis (Britt.) Kobuski – el yunque colorado
Ternstroemia tepezapote
Ternstroemia wallichiana (Griffith) Engl.

References

Stevens, P.F., Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-09-18
Ternstroemia. Flora of China.
Ternstroemia gymnanthera. North Carolina State University Extension.
Ternstroemia gymnanthera. FloriData.
Lozada-Lechuga, J., et al. (2010). Isolation of jacaranone, a sedative constituent extracted from the flowers of the Mexican tree Ternstroemia pringlei. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 127(2), 551-54.
Ternstroemia. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
GRIN Species Records of Ternstroemia. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
Timyan, J. (2021). "Ternstroemia selleana". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2021: e.T121398027A121986290. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2021-1.RLTS.T121398027A121986290.en. Retrieved 14 November 2021.

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