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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Cynodonteae
Subtribus: Eleusininae
Genus: Tetrapogon
Species: T. bidentatus – T. brandegeei – T. cenchriformis – T. fasciculatus – T. ferrugineus – T. pleiostachyus – T. roxburghiana – T. tenellus – T. villosus

Tetrapogon Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 388 (1799)

Type species: Tetrapogon villosus Desf., Fl. Atlant. 2: 388 (1799)


Codonachne Wight & Arn. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 393 (1840).
Lepidopironia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 442 (1850).
Cryptochloris Benth., Hooker's Icon. Pl. 14: t. 1376 (1882).
Saugetia Hitchc. & Chase, Contr. U. S. Natl. Herb. 18: 378 (1917).


Desfontaines, R.L. (1789) Flora Atlantica 2: 388, pl. 256. BHL
Govaerts, R. et al. 2016. Tetrapogon in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 May 13. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Tetrapogon. Published online. Accessed: 20 Nov. 2013.
Peterson, P.M., Romaschenko, K. & Herrera-Arrieta, Y. 2015. A molecular phylogeny and classification of the Eleusininae with a new genus, Micrachne (Poaceae: Chloridoideae: Cynodonteae). Taxon 64(3): 445–467. DOI: 10.12705/643.5 Full text (with link to PDF). Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, Tetrapogon. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 13. 2016. Tetrapogon. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2016 May 13.

Tetrapogon is a genus of grasses.[2][3][4]

The name Tetrapogon derives from the Greek roots tetra- and pogon, meaning "four" and "beard", respectively, in reference to the tufts of hairs on the plant.[4] The species in this genus are distributed across Africa and through the Middle East as far east as India.[4][5]


Tetrapogon bidentatus Pilg. - Tanzania, Kenya
Tetrapogon cenchriformis (A.Rich.) Pilg. - Africa + Arabia from Cape Verde to Saudi Arabia to Tanzania
Tetrapogon ferrugineus (Renvoize) S.M.Phillips - Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia
Tetrapogon tenellus Chiov. - India
Tetrapogon tetrastachys Hack. ex Hook.f. - Indian Subcontinent; Arabian Peninsula; Africa from Djibouti to Mpumalanga
Tetrapogon villosus Desf. - - Africa + southwest Asia from Canary Islands to Turkmenistan to Uganda

formerly included[1]

see Chloris

Tetrapogon flabellatus - Chloris flabellata
Tetrapogon mossambicensis - Chloris mossambicensis
Tetrapogon tetrastachys - Chloris montana


Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
Desfontaines, René Louiche. 1800. Flora Atlantica 2: pages 388-389 in Latin
Desfontaines, René Louiche. 1800. Flora Atlantica 2: plate 255 line drawing of Tetrapogon villosus
Umberto Quattrocchi (2006). "Tetrapogon Desf.". CRC world dictionary of grasses: common names, scientific names, eponyms, synonyms, and etymology, Volume 1. CRC Press. pp. 2197–2198. ISBN 978-0-8493-1303-5.
Phillips, S. 1995. Poaceae (Gramineae). Fl. Ethiopia 7: i–xx, 1–420
The Plant List search for Tetrapogon
Grassbase - The World Online Grass Flora

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