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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Chloridoideae
Tribus: Triraphideae
Genus: Triraphis
Overview of species

T. andropogonoides – T. compacta – T. devia – T. mollis – T. pumilio – T. pungens – T. purpurea – T. ramosissima – T. schinzii

Triraphis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 185 (1810)

Type species: Triraphis mollis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 185 (1810) (Typus not designated as was Triraphis pungens R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.: 185 (1810), which is now renamed as Triodia bitextura Lazarides, Austral. Syst. Bot. 10: 412 (1997)).

Native distribution areas:

Northern Africa
Egypt, Morocco.
West Tropical Africa
Mauritania, Niger.
Northeast Tropical Africa
Chad, Ethiopia, Sudan.
East Tropical Africa
South Tropical Africa
Angola, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe.
Southern Africa
Botswana, Cape Provinces, Lesotho, Namibia, KwaZulu-Natal, Free State, Northern Provinces,
Arabian Peninsula
Gulf States, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland, South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
Primary references

Brown, R. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 185.


Govaerts, R. et al. 2013. Triraphis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13. Reference page.
Simon, B.K., Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T., Vorontsova, M., Brake, I., Healy, D. & Alfonso, Y. 2013. GrassWorld, (Poaceae) Triraphis (Poaceae). Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13. 2013. Triraphis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 Nov. 13.
International Plant Names Index. 2013. Triraphis. Published online. Accessed: 13 Nov. 2013.

Triraphis is a genus of African, Arabian, Australian, and Brazilian plants in the grass family.[4] Needlegrass is a common name for plants in this genus.[5]


Triraphis andropogonoides (Steud.) E.Phillips, - South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho
Triraphis compacta Cope, - Ethiopia
Triraphis devia Filg. & Zuloaga, - State of Goiás in Brazil
Triraphis mollis R.Br., - Australia (Northern Territory plus all states except Tasmania); naturalized in Britain, Belgium, Texas
Triraphis pumilio R.Br., - Angola, Namibia, Sahara, Arabian Pen
Triraphis purpurea Hack., - Angola, Namibia, South Africa, Botswana
Triraphis ramosissima Hack., - Angola, Namibia, South Africa
Triraphis schinzii Hack., Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Angola, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia

formerly included[6]

see Cortaderia Crinipes Eriachne Nematopoa Pentameris Triodia

Triraphis abyssinica - Crinipes abyssinicus
Triraphis bromoides - Triodia bromoides
Triraphis capensis - Pentameris capensis
Triraphis danthonioides - Triodia danthonioides
Triraphis diantha - Eriachne triseta
Triraphis hieronymi - Cortaderia hieronymi
Triraphis longipes - Nematopoa longipes
Triraphis rigidissima - Triodia rigidissima


lectotype designated by Maire, Fl. Afrique Nord 2: 191 (1953)
Tropicos, Triraphis R. Br.
Grassbase - The World Online Grass Flora
Brown, Robert. 1810. Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae 185
"Triraphis". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

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