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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Vandeae
Subtribus: (5)
Adrorhizinae – Aeridinae – Agrostophyllinae – AngraecinaePolystachyinae


Vandeae Lindl., Orchid. Select., 7, 14 (1826).
Typus: Vanda Jones ex R.Br., Bot. Reg., 6, ad pl. 506 (1820).


Lindley, J. (1826) Orchidearum Sceletos 7, 14. (Jan 1826)
Chase M.W., Freudenstein J.F. & Cameron K.M. (2003) DNA Data and Orchidaceae systematics: a new phylogenetic classification, in K. W. Dixon, S. P. Kell, R. L. Barrett, & P. J. Cribb (eds.), Orchid Conservation, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Natural History Publications, pp. 69-89.
Górniak, M., Paun, O & Chase, M. W. (2010) Phylogenetic relationships within Orchidaceae based on a low-copy nuclear coding gene, Xdh: Congruence with organellar and nuclear ribosomal DNA results, Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 56: 784–795. Available on line [1]. Accessed 2014 Oct. 13.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2014. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 6: Epidendroideae (Part three); page 101 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19964-651-7 2012. Vandeae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Oct. 12. 2013. Vandeae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 17.

Vernacular names
български: Вандови
русский: Вандовые
українська: Вандові
中文: 萬代蘭族

The Vandeae is a large monophyletic tribe within the family of orchids.


This tribe contains 1,700 - 2,000 species in more than 150 genera. The classification of taxa within this tribe is still largely based on floral morphology. Only a few attempts have been made to obtain a classification based on molecular evidence, usually based on sequence data from several plastid-encoded DNA regions.[1]

These orchids are pantropical epiphytes and occur in tropical Asia, the Pacific Islands, Australia and Africa. Many of these orchids are horticulturally important, especially Vanda and Phalaenopsis.

This tribe is subdivided into four subtribes :

Subtribe Aeridinae (formerly, illegitimate subtribal name Sarcanthinae): largest subtribe with more than 1,000 species in 103 genera, including about 200 hybrid species; occurs mostly in Asia and Australia and with a few in Africa. They are distinguished from the other subtribes by having an entire rostellum, a relatively small spur formed by the lip, and four (or two) pollinia.
Subtribe Aerangidinae: about 300 species in 36 genera. They are distributed through tropical Africa and Madagascar. They are distinguished from the other subtribes by having an elongate rostellum, an elongate spur, and two pollinia.
Subtribe Angraecinae: about 400 species in 19 genera. They occur in tropical Africa, Madagascar, the Mascarene and Comoros Islands and two genera in tropical America. They are distinguished from the other subtribes by having an apron-like rostellum, an elongate spur, and two pollinia.
Subtribe Polystachyinae (formerly part of the Epidendreae) : about 220 species in two genera : Hederorkis and Polystachya. They all show four pollinia. The lip often has mealy hairs called pseudopollen on the upper surface.

See also

Taxonomy of the Orchidaceae


Chase M. W. Freudenstein J. V. Cameron K. M. Barrett R. L. (2003). "DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: a new phylogenetic classification". Orchid Conservation: 69–89.

Cameron et al., A Phylogenetic Analysis of the Orchidaceae: Evidence from rbcL Nucleotide Sequences, American Journal of Botany 86(2): 208-224 (1999)
Barbara S. Carlsward; W. Mark Whitten; Norris H. Williams & Benny Bytebier (2006). "Molecular phylogenetics of Vandeae (Orchidaceae) and the evolution of leaflessness". American Journal of Botany. 93 (5): 770–786. doi:10.3732/ajb.93.5.770. PMID 21642140.

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