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A Fibonacci prime is a Fibonacci number that is prime. The first Fibonacci primes are (sequence A005478 in OEIS): 2, 3, 5, 13, 89, 233, 1597, 28657, 514229, 433494437, 2971215073, ... Known Fibonacci primes It is not known if there are infinitely many Fibonacci primes. The first 33 are F_{n} for the n values A001605: 3, 4, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 23, 29, 43, 47, 83, 131, 137, 359, 431, 433, 449, 509, 569, 571, 2971, 4723, 5387, 9311, 9677, 14431, 25561, 30757, 35999, 37511, 50833, 81839 In addition to these proven Fibonacci primes, there have been found probable primes for n = 104911, 130021, 148091, 201107, 397379, 433781, 590041, 593689, 604711 Except for the case n = 4, if Fn is prime then n is prime. The converse is false, however. Fp is prime for 8 out of the first 10 primes; the exceptions are F2 = 1 and F19 = 4181 = 37 × 113. However, Fibonacci primes become rarer as the index increases  Fp is prime for only 25 of the 1,229 primes p below 10,000.[1] As of 2006, the largest known certain Fibonacci prime is F81839, with 17103 digits.[2] The largest known probable Fibonacci prime is F604711. It has 126377 digits and was found by Henri Lifchitz in 2005.[3] Divisibility of Fibonacci numbers Fibonacci numbers that have a prime index p do not share any common divisors greater than 1 with the preceding Fibonacci numbers, due to the identity GCD(F_{n}, F_{m}) = FGCD(n,m).[4] For n≥3, F_{n} divides F_{m}m iff n divides m.[5] If we suppose that m, is a prime number p from the identity above, and n is less than p, then it is clear that F_{p}, cannot share any common divisors with the preceding Fibonacci numbers. GCD(F_{p}, F_{n}) = FGCD(p,n) = F_{1} = 1 Carmichael's theorem states that every Fibonacci number (with a small set of exceptions) has at least one unique prime factor that has not been a factor of the preceding Fibonacci numbers. References 1. ^ Sloane's A005478, Sloane's A001605 2. ^ Number Theory Archives announcement by David Broadhurst and Bouk de Water 3. ^ PRP Records 4. ^ Paulo Ribenboim, My Numbers, My Friends, SpringerVerlag 2000 5. ^ Wells 1986, p.65 See also * Lucas number Links Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"

