Fourth power

In arithmetic and algebra, the fourth power of a number n is the result of multiplying n by itself four times. So:

n4 = n × n × n × n

Fourth powers are also formed by multiplying a number by its cube. Furthermore, they are squares of squares.

The sequence of fourth powers of integers (also known as biquadratic numbers) is:

1, 16, 81, 256, 625, 1296, 2401, 4096, 6561, 10000, ... (sequence A000583 in OEIS)

The last two digits of a fourth power of an integer can be easily shown (for instance, by computing the squares of possible last two digits of square numbers) to be restricted to only twelve possibilities:

00, 01, 16, 21, 25, 36, 41, 56, 61, 76, 81, 96

Every positive integer can be expressed as the sum of at most 19 fourth powers; every sufficiently large integer can be expressed as the sum of at most 16 fourth powers (see Waring's problem).

Euler conjectured a fourth power cannot be written as the sum of 3 smaller fourth powers, but 200 years later this was disproven with:

958004 + 2175194 + 4145604 = 4224814.

See also

* square number
* cube (arithmetic)


* Weisstein, Eric W., "Biquadratic Number" from MathWorld.

External links

* 1 million fourth powers (36.9 MBs)

Number Theory

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