- Art Gallery -

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea

Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Marpissinae
Tribus: Marpissini
Genus: Abracadabrella
Species: A. birdsville – A. elegans – A. lewiston
Name

Abracadabrella Zabka, 1991a: 626

Type species: Ocrisiona elegans (Koch, 1879)
References

Zabka, M. 1991a: Salticidae (Arachnida: Araneae) of Oriental, Australian and Pacific regions, VII. Mopsolodes, Abracadabrella and Pseudosynagelides-new genera from Australia. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum. 30: 621–644.

Abracadabrella is a genus of spiders in the family Salticidae (jumping spiders) whose spp. appear to mimics flies. The type species for the genus was described by Ludwig Koch (1879) as Marptusa elegans, transferred to Ocrisiona by Eugène Simon (1901) then placed into Abracadabrella by Marek Żabka (1991).

Specimens have been collected on or under Eucalyptus bark, or on vegetation. They are small to medium, flattish jumping spiders with large, bulging, black-shiny 'eyes' on the rear of the abdomen, apparently to mimic flies. It is in the unident group, with one retromarginal tooth on the chelicera, two on the promargin opposite. Leg I is the strongest, while leg IV the longest. These spiders have been observed walking backwards, enhancing the mimicry affect. They are found mostly in Queensland, especially warmer parts, on vegetation and under the bark of gum trees. Specimens have been sighted at Darwin NT, Townsville QLD, Wooloolga, Gosford and Grafton NSW. A western Queensland species from Birdsville and a South Australian species from Lewiston have been documented.[1][2][3]
Name

The genus name appears to be a play on the word Abracadabra but is cited by the author as being a random combination of letters, feminine in gender.
Species

Abracadabrella birdsville Żabka, 1991 – Queensland
Abracadabrella elegans (L. Koch, 1879) – Queensland
Abracadabrella lewiston Żabka, 1991 – South Australia

References

Bern, Natural History Museum. "NMBE - World Spider Catalog". www.wsc.nmbe.ch. Retrieved 2017-04-10.
Whyte, Robert; Anderson, Greg (2017). A field guide to spiders of Australia. Clayton South VIC: CSIRO Publishing. p. 225. ISBN 9780643107076.
"Abracadabrella elegans (L. Koch, 1879) Elegant Fly Mimic". www.arachne.org.au. Retrieved 2017-04-10.

Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/"
All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Home - Hellenica World