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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Cladus: Panarthropoda
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Opisthothelae
Infraordo: Araneomorphae
Taxon: Neocribellatae
Series: Entelegynae
Sectio: Dionycha
Superfamilia: Salticoidea

Familia: Salticidae
Subfamilia: Dendryphantinae
Genus: Alcmena
Species: A. amabilis – A. psittacina – A. trifasciata – A. tristis – A. vittata
Name
Alcmena C. L. Koch, 1846


Alcmena is a genus of jumping spiders. The genus was first described by Carl Ludwig Koch in 1846 based on the species Alcmena psittacina and Alcmena amabilis. The genus consists of four species endemic to North and South America. A fifth species, Alcmena trifasciata, was described by Caporiacco in 1954, but declared a nomen dubium by Ruiz and Brescovit in 2008.
Name

The genus name is derived from Alcmene, the mother of Heracles in Greek mythology.
Species

Alcmena amabilis C. L. Koch, 1846 – Mexico
Alcmena psittacina C. L. Koch, 1846 – Brazil
Alcmena tristis Mello-Leitão, 1945 – Argentina
Alcmena vittata Karsch, 1880 – Venezuela

References

Platnick, Norman I. (2011): The world spider catalog, version 11.5. American Museum of Natural History.

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Biology Encyclopedia

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