Acalymma

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Classis: Insecta
Subclassis: Pterygota
Divisio: Neoptera
Subdivisio: Endopterygota
Superordo: Coleopterida
Ordo: Coleoptera
Subordo: Polyphaga
Infraordo: Cucujiformia
Superfamilia: Chrysomeloidea
Familia: Chrysomelidae
Subfamilia: Galerucinae
Genus: Acalymma
Species: A. bivittulum - A. blandulum - A. blomorum - A. fairmairei - A. gouldi - A. hirtum - A. inea - A. innubum - A. isogena - A. peregrinum - A. subaeneum - A. thiemei - A. trivittatum - A. undecimpunctata - A. vinctum - A. vittatum

Name:

Acalymma Sell, 1915

--------------

Acalymma is a genus of leaf beetles found mainly in the New World. Approximately 72 species have been described in the Western Hemisphere.[1]
Pest Species and Impacts

In the United States, two species are major pests of cucurbits, the striped cucumber beetle (Acalymma vittatum), which is mainly found east of the Mississippi River, and Acalymma trivittatum which is mostly found west of the Mississippi.[2] Adults feed on young leaves, and larvae can damage roots.[3] A. vittatum vectors bacterial wilt Erwinia tracheiphila Holland (Enterobacteriales: Enterobacteriaceae) to the plants as it pierces plant stems to suck juices.[4]
Other species include

* Acalymma albidovittata (Baly)
* Acalymma bertoluccii Gilbert Clark, 2007 [5]
* Acalymma bivittulum
* Acalymma blandulum
* Acalymma blomorum
* Acalymma bruchii (Bowditch)
* Acalymma fairmairei
* Acalymma gouldi
* Acalymma hirtum
* Acalymma inea
* Acalymma innubum
* Acalymma isogena
* Acalymma peregrinum
* Acalymma subaeneum
* Acalymma thiemei
* Acalymma trivittatum
* Acalymma undecimpunctata
* Acalymma vinctum
* Acalymma vittatum

References

1. ^ Cabrera & Durante. "Description of Mouthparts of the Genus Acalymma Barber (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae)". Transactions of the American Entomological Society 127(3):371-379 2001. http://www.jstor.org/pss/25078752.
2. ^ Steve Diver and Tammy Hinman (2008). "Cucumber Beetles: Organic and Biorational Integrated Pest Management". ATTRA—National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service. http://attra.org/attra-pub/PDF/cucumberbeetle.pdf.
3. ^ S. Toepfer, T. Haye, M. Erlandson, M. Goettel, J.G. Lundgren, R.G. Kleespies, D.C. Weber, G. Cabrera Walsh, A. Peters, R.-U. Ehlers, H. Strasser, D. Moore, S. Keller, S. Vidal and U. Kuhlmann. "A review of the natural enemies of beetles in the subtribe Diabroticina (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): implications for sustainable pest management". Biocontrol Science and Technology, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2009, 1-65. http://ddr.nal.usda.gov/bitstream/10113/30357/1/IND44203826.pdf.
4. ^ Fleischer, S.J., de Mackiewicz, D., Gildow, F.E., and Lukezic, F.L. (1999), Serological Estimates of the Seasonal Dynamics of Erwinia tracheiphila in Acalymma vittata (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), Environmental Entomology, 28, 470-476.
5. ^ Arthur J. Gilbert and Shawn M. Clark. "A New Species of Acalymma Barber, 1947 (Chrysomelidae: Galerucinae: Luperini), from Southeastern Arizona and New Mexico, U.S.A". Pan-Pacific Entomologist 83(4):289-295. 2007. http://www.bioone.org/doi/abs/10.3956/2007-11.1.

Biology Encyclopedia

Insects Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Index

Scientific Library - Scientificlib.com