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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Amphibia
Subclassis: Lissamphibia
Ordo: Anura

Familia: Pyxicephalidae
Subfamilia: Cacosterninae
Genus: Cacosternum
Species: C. boettgeri – C. capense – C. karooicum – C. kinangopensis –C. leleupi – C. namaquense – C. nanum – C. parvum – C. platys – C. plimptoni – C. poyntoni – C. striatum – C. thorini
Name

Cacosternum Boulenger, 1887

Type species: Cacosternum nanum Boulenger, 1887
References

Boulenger, 1887, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Ser. 5, 20: 51.
Channing, A., Schmitz, A., Burger, M. & Kielgast, J. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of African dainty frogs, with the description of four new species (Anura: Pyxicephalidae: Cacosternum). Zootaxa 3701(5): 518–550. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3701.5.2 Reference page.
Conradie, W. 2014: The King of the Dwarves: a new cryptic species of dainty frog (Anura: Pyxicephalidae: Cacosternum) from the eastern Great Escarpment of South Africa. Zootaxa 3785(3): 438–452. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.3785.3.6 Reference page.
Amphibian Species of the World 5.1 Cacosternum access date 27 June 2008

Vernacular names
English: Dainty Frogs

Cacosternum is a genus of frog in the family Pyxicephalidae that are found in southern and eastern Africa.[1][2] They have many common names, including cacos, dainty frogs, and metal frogs.[1]
Species

The genus contains 16 species:[1]

Cacosternum aggestum Channing, Schmitz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013
Cacosternum australis Channing, Schmitz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013
Cacosternum boettgeri (Boulenger, 1882) – Boettger's dainty frog
Cacosternum capense Hewitt, 1925 – Cape caco
Cacosternum karooicum Boycott, de Villiers, and Scott, 2002 – Karoo dainty frog
Cacosternum kinangopensis Channing and Schmitz, 2009
Cacosternum leleupi Laurent, 1950 – Katanga caco
Cacosternum namaquense Werner, 1910 – Namaqua caco
Cacosternum nanogularum Channing, Schmitz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013
Cacosternum nanum Boulenger, 1887 – bronze caco
Cacosternum parvum Poynton, 1963 – mountain caco
Cacosternum platys Rose, 1950 – flat caco
Cacosternum plimptoni Channing, Brun, Burger, Febvre, and Moyer, 2005
Cacosternum rhythmum Channing, Schmidtz, Burger, and Kielgast, 2013
Cacosternum striatum FitzSimons, 1947 – striped caco
Cacosternum thorini Conradie, 2014

Cacosternum poyntoni, Poynton's caco, is now considered a synonym of Cacosternum nanum.[3]
References

Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Cacosternum Boulenger, 1887". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
"Pyxicephalidae". AmphibiaWeb: Information on amphibian biology and conservation. [web application]. Berkeley, California: AmphibiaWeb. 2014. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Cacosternum nanum Boulenger, 1887". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 3 May 2014.

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