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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Eusaurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Certhidea
Species: C. olivacea – C. fusca

Certhidea Gould, 1837

Typus: Certhidea olivacea Gould, 1837

Primary references

Gould, J. 1837. Remarks on a group of Ground Finches from Mr. Darwin's collection, with characters of New Species. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London Pt 5 no.49: 4–7. BHL Reference page. Original description p. 7 BHL

Additional references

Tonnis, B., Grant, P.R., Grant, B.R. & Petren, K. 2005. Habitat selection and ecological speciation in Galápagos warbler finches (Certhidea olivacea and Certhidea fusca). Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences 272: 819–826 Full article (PDF) DOI: 10.1098/rspb.2004.3030 Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Warbler finches
español: Pinzones de Darwin

The warbler-finches are a genus Certhidea of birds in the tanager family Thraupidae that are endemic to the Galápagos Islands. Together with related genera, they are collectively known as Darwin's finches.

The two species were formerly considered to be conspecific; however, they have different songs, prefer different habitats, and are located in different areas on the islands.[1]
Taxonomy and species list

The genus Certhidea was introduced in 1837 by the English ornithologist John Gould with the green warbler-finch as the type species.[2][3] The name is a Latin diminutive of the genus Certhia introduced by Carl Linnaeus in 1758 for the treecreepers.[4] The members of the genus form part of a group collectively known as Darwin's finches.[5] Although traditionally placed with the buntings and New World sparrows in the family Emberizidae,[3] molecular phylogenetic studies have shown that Darwin's finches are members of the subfamily Coerebinae within the tanager family Thraupidae.[6] The genus contains two species.[7]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Certhidea olivacea - Green Wabler Finch.jpg Certhidea olivacea Green warbler-finch Galápagos Islands, Ecuador
Certhidea olivacea.jpg Certhidea fusca Grey warbler-finch Galápagos Islands, Ecuador.


South American Classification Committee (September 1, 2011). "Proposal (#367) to South American Classification Committee – Split the Warbler Finches: Certhidea fusca from Certhidea olivacea". Retrieved November 10, 2009.
Gould, John (1837). "Remarks on a group of Ground Finches from Mr. Darwin's collection, with characters of new species". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London. Part 5 (49): 4-7 [7].
Paynter, Raymond A. Jr, ed. (1970). Check-List of Birds of the World. Volume 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 166.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 97. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Sato, A.; Tichy, H.; O'hUigin, C.; Grant, P.R.; Grant, B.R.; Klein, J. (2001). "On the origin of Darwin's Finches". Molecular Biology and Evolution. 18 (3): 299–311. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a003806.
Burns, K.J.; Shultz, A.J.; Title, P.O.; Mason, N.A.; Barker, F.K.; Klicka, J.; Lanyon, S.M.; Lovette, I.J. (2014). "Phylogenetics and diversification of tanagers (Passeriformes: Thraupidae), the largest radiation of Neotropical songbirds". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 75: 41–77. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2014.02.006.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David; Rasmussen, Pamela, eds. (July 2020). "Tanagers and allies". IOC World Bird List Version 10.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 12 November 2020.

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