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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Tyranni
Infraordo: Tyrannides
Parvordo: Furnariida
Superfamilia: Formicaroidea

Familia: Formicariidae
Genus: Formicarius
Species: F. analis – F. colma – F. moniliger – F. nigricapillus – F. rufifrons – F. rufipectus

Formicarius Boddaert, 1783

Typus: Formicarius colma Boddaert, 1783


Myrmecophaga Lacépède, 1800 TraitedOrn.(Daudin) p. 426
Formicicapa Daudin, 1804
Myiothera Illiger, 1811 ProdromusSyst.Mamm.Av. p. 218
Tetema Kuhl & Hasselt, 1822
Eriodora Gloger, 1827
Myocincla Swainson, 1837 Class.Birds p. 230


Boddaert, P. 1783. Table des planches enluminéez d'histoire naturelle de M. D'Aubenton : avec les denominations de M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham, precedé d'une notice des principaux ouvrages zoologiques enluminés. 58 pp. + table, Utrecht. DOI: 10.5962/bhl.title.39835 First availability p. 43,44,50 BHL Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Anttrushes
español: Formicarios

Formicarius is a genus of passerine birds in the family Formicariidae. These birds are all found in the tropical New World, from southern Mexico south to Central America and northern South America. All are named as antthrushes, and are insectivorous forest birds. They are largely terrestrial, feeding mainly on the ground on ants and other insects.

The genus Formicarius was introduced by the Dutch naturalist Pieter Boddaert in 1783 in his catalogue of the ten volumes of hand-coloured plates that had been engraved by François-Nicolas Martinet. The plates were produced to accompany Georges-Louis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon's Histoire Naturelle des Oiseaux.[1] The type species was subsequently designated as the rufous-capped antthrush (Formicarius colma) by the English zoologist George Robert Gray in 1840.[2][3] The generic name Formicarius is Latin meaning "of the ant".[4]

The genus contains six species:[5]

Image Common Name Scientific name Distribution
Formicarius colma -Vale do Ribeira, Registro, Sao Paulo, Brazil-8 (1).jpg Rufous-capped antthrush Formicarius colma Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Tétéma coq-de-bois cropped.jpg Black-faced antthrush Formicarius analis from Honduras through Central America to Colombia, Venezuela, Trinidad and Brazil
Mayan antthrush (formerly considered conspecific with the black-faced antthrush) Formicarius moniliger southern Mexico through northwestern Honduras.
Rufous-fronted antthrush Formicarius rufifrons southeastern Peru, northwestern Bolivia (Pando), and far southwestern Brazil
Black-headed antthrush Formicarius nigricapillus Caribbean slope of eastern Costa Rica and both slopes of Panama to Chocó of western Colombia and Ecuador.
Rufous-breasted Antthrush 2015-06-08 (2) (25452497347).jpg Rufous-breasted antthrush Formicarius rufipectus Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Venezuela.


Boddaert, Pieter (1783). Table des planches enluminéez d'histoire naturelle de M. D'Aubenton : avec les denominations de M.M. de Buffon, Brisson, Edwards, Linnaeus et Latham, precedé d'une notice des principaux ouvrages zoologiques enluminés (in French). Utrecht. pp. 43, 44, 50.
Gray, George Robert (1840). A List of the Genera of Birds : with an Indication of the Typical Species of Each Genus. London: R. and J.E. Taylor. p. 26.
Peters, James Lee, ed. (1951). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 7. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 239.
Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 162. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Antthrushes, antpittas, gnateaters, tapaculos & crescentchests". World Bird List Version 9.1. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 14 August 2019.

Ffrench, Richard (1991). O'Neill, John P.; Eckelberry, Don R. (eds.). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2.
Hilty, Steven L. Birds of Venezuela. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5.
Stiles, F. Gary; Skutch, Alexander F. A guide to the birds of Costa Rica. ISBN 0-8014-9600-4.

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