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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Archosauromorpha
Cladus: Crurotarsi
Divisio: Archosauria
Subsectio: Ornithodira
Subtaxon: Dinosauromorpha
Cladus: Dinosauria
Ordo: Saurischia
Cladus: Theropoda
Cladus: Neotheropoda
Infraclassis: Aves
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Infraordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea

Familia: Alaudidae
Genus: Galerida
Species: G. cristata - G. deva - G. macrorhyncha - G. magnirostris - G. malabarica - G. modesta - G. theklae
Name

Galerida Boie, 1828
References

Isis 21 col.321
Vernacular names
čeština: Chocholouš
español: Cogujada
suomi: Töyhtökiurut
français: Cochevis
slovenčina: Pipíška

Galerida is a genus of birds in the family Alaudidae. The current scientific name is derived from Latin. Galerida was the name for a lark with a crest, from galerum, "cap".[1] The name Galerida is synonymous with the earlier genus names Calendula, Heliocorys and Ptilocorys.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics

The genus Galerida was established by the German zoologist Friedrich Boie in 1828.[3] The type species was subsequently designated as the crested lark.[4]
Extant species

The genus contains seven species:[5]

Image Scientific name Common Name Distribution
Syke's Lark Galerida deva by Dr. Raju Kasambe DSCN5681 (2).jpg Galerida deva Sykes's lark central India
Sun Lark (Galerida modesta) (8080033500).jpg Galerida modesta Sun lark Guinea to South Sudan
Long-billed Lark - Natal - South Africa S4E7266 (16740106237).jpg Galerida magnirostris Large-billed lark southern Africa
Thekla Lark seen on rocks near Sagres Portugal (11930398044).jpg Galerida theklae Thekla lark Iberian Peninsula, in northern Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Somalia
Crested lark singing.jpg Galerida cristata Crested lark northern Africa and in parts of western Asia and China
Malabar Crested Lark.jpg Galerida malabarica Malabar lark western India.
Galerida macrorhyncha Maghreb lark Maghreb desert of north-eastern Africa.

Extinct species

There are at least two fossil species which are included in this genus:

†Galerida bulgarica (late Pliocene of Varshets, Bulgaria)[6]
†Galerida pannonica (Pliocene of Csarnota, Hungary)[7]

Former species

Formerly, some authorities also considered the following species (or subspecies) as species within the genus Galerida:

Short-tailed lark (as Galerida fremantlii)[8]
Dunn's lark (as Calendula dunni)[9]

References

Jobling, James A (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London: Christopher Helm. p. 169. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
Jobling, James A. (2010-06-30). Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 9781408133262.
Boie, Friedrich (1828). "Galerida". Isis von Oken (in German). 21. Col 321.
Mayr, Ernst; Greenway, James C. Jr, eds. (1960). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 9. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Museum of Comparative Zoology. p. 55.
Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2018). "Nicators, reedling, larks". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 15 July 2018.
Boev, Zlatozar (2012). "Neogene Larks (Aves: Alaudidae (Vigors, 1825)) from Bulgaria" (PDF). Acta Zoologica Bulgarica. 64 (3): 295–318.
Kessler, E (2013). "Neogene songbirds (Aves, Passeriformes) from Hungary". Hantkeniana. 8: 37–149.
"Spizocorys fremantlii - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-16.
"Eremalauda dunni - Avibase". avibase.bsc-eoc.org. Retrieved 2016-12-19.

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