Alcelaphus lichtensteinii

Alcelaphus lichtensteinii (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Alcelaphinae
Genus: Alcelaphus
Species: Alcelaphus lichtensteinii

Name

Alcelaphus lichtensteinii (Peters, 1849)

Type locality: Mozambique, Tette

Synonyms

* Sigmoceros lichtensteinii (Peters, 1849)


Reference

* Alcelaphus lichtensteinii on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder
* IUCN link: Alcelaphus buselaphus lichtensteinii (Peters, 1849) (Least Concern)
* Spenerschen Zeitung, 23 December, 1849, p. unknown; reprinted in 1912 in Gesellschaft Natuurforschender Freunde zu Berlin for 1839-59


Vernacular names
English: Lichtenstein's Hartebeest
Polski: Bawolec Lichtensteina, Konzi

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Lichtenstein's Hartebeest (Alcelaphus lichtensteinii)[2] is a savannah and floodplain dwelling antelope found in southern Central Africa. By some this species is classified as Sigmoceros lichtensteinii.

Lichtenstein's Hartebeest typically stand about 1.25 m (4 ft) at the shoulder and have a mass of around 150 kg (330 lb). Lichtenstein's Hartebeest are a red brown colour, which is lighter on the underbelly. The horns found on both sexes appear from the side to be shaped like the letter 'S' and appear from the front to be shaped like the letter 'O' with its upper portions missing. The horns are slightly ridged and reach over 0.5 m in length.

Lichtenstein's Hartebeest live on savannas and floodplains where they eat grass. They are diurnal (active in the day). They gather in herds of five to fifteen females and calves with a single male who leads them. The male stands sentry duty on termite mounds and the like. Males hold large territories, which they mark by digging up dirt with their horns around the borders. Lichtenstein's Hartebeest have good eyesight but a poor sense of smell. Their main sounds are a bellow and a sneeze-snort sound.

It derives its name from zoologist Martin Lichtenstein.

References


1. ^ IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Alcelaphus buselaphus ssp. lichtensteinii. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 18 January 2009. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of least concern
2. ^ Wilson, Don E. & Reeder, DeeAnn M. (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp. Available online

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