Archaeoceti

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Cetacea
Subordo: †Archaeoceti
Familiae: Ambulocetidae - Basilosauridae - Pakicetidae - Protocetidae - Remingtonicetidae

Name

Archaeocetidae Flower, 1883

Synonyms

* Hydrothereuta Ameghino, 1889
* Zeuglodontia Gill, 1871

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Archaeocetids
日本語: 原クジラ亜目
Nederlands: Oerwalvissen

References

* The Paleobiology Database [1]

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Archaeocetes, or "ancient whales", are a paraphyletic group of cetaceans that gave rise to the modern cetaceans.

The archaeocetes were once thought to have evolved from the mesonychids, based on dental characteristics. However, recent studies in molecular genetics and non-dental morphology show that the first whales or the archaeoceti most likely evolved from artiodactyls; genetic evidence indicates that their closest living relatives are the family Hippopotamidae which includes the modern hippopotamus. The ancestors of archaeocetes probably diverged from the other artiodactyls around the time of the Cretaceous–Tertiary extinction event.

Most archeocetes had hind limbs, suggesting that they were fully terrestrial. As the Eocene epoch progressed, the archaeocetes became less terrestrial and more aquatic. Before the Eocene epoch came to an end, one group of archaeocetes, the basilosaurids, gave rise to early modern cetaceans. The archaeocetes suffered a heavy loss of genera during the Eocene-Oligocene extinction event, but some species survived into the Oligocene. The last archaeocete, which was probably a basilosaurid, became extinct in the Oligocene. They may have become extinct from a combination of competition and climate change.

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