- Art Gallery -

Atelinae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Platyrrhini
Familia: Atelidae
Subfamilia: Atelinae
Genera: Ateles - Brachyteles - Lagothrix - Oreonax - † Solimoea

Name

Atelinae Gray, 1825

Vernacular names

References

* Ann. Philos., n.s., 10: 338.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

------

Atelinae is a subfamily of New World monkeys in the family Atelidae, and includes the various spider and woolly monkeys.[2] The primary distinguishing feature of the atelines is their long prehensile tail which can support their entire body weight.

Atelines live on the American continent from southern Mexico through central Brazil and Bolivia. Diurnal and arboreal, they move speedily and acrobaticly through the trees using their prehensile tail. Atelines, along with their cousins the howler monkeys, are the largest of the New World monkeys. They live in groups, show amicable intergroup relations, and can coalesce into large aggregations for extended periods of time.[2]

Atelines are frugivore-folivores, their diet consisting primarily of fruits, seeds and leaves,[2][3] with Ateles being the most frugivorous, fruits comprising over 80 % of their diet.[2] Those species relying most heavily on patchily distributed fruit trees have the largest ranges.[2] These animals are characterized by a slow reproduction rate: females only bear young once every two to four years. Many species are hunted for their meat, and the destruction of their habitat likewise endangers them;[2] the spider monkey already stands at the edge of extermination.


Classification

Extant taxa

* Family Atelidae: howler, spider and woolly monkeys
o Subfamily Alouattinae
o Subfamily Atelinae
+ Genus Ateles: spider monkeys
+ Genus Brachyteles: muriquis (woolly spider monkeys)
+ Genus Lagothrix: woolly monkeys
+ Genus Oreonax: Yellow-tailed Woolly Monkey


Prehistoric taxa

* Subfamily Atelinae
o Genus Stirtonia
+ Stirtonia tatacoensis
+ Stirtonia victoriae
o Genus Protopithecus
+ Protopithecus brasiliensis
o Genus Caipora
+ Caipora bambuiorum
o Genus Solimoea
+ Solimoea acrensis


References


1. ^ Groves, C. (2005). Wilson, D. E., & Reeder, D. M, eds. ed. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 150-152. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494. http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3.
2. ^ a b c d e f Robinson, John G., & Janson, Charles H. (1987), "Capuchins, Squirrel Monkeys and Atelines: Socioecological Convergence with Old World Primates", in Smuts, B.B., Cheney, D.L., Seyfarth, R.M., Wrangham, R.W., Struhsaker, T.T. (eds), Primate Societies, Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press, pp. 69–82., ISBN 0-226-76715-9
3. ^ Rosenberger, Alfred L. (1987), "Evolution of New World Monkeys", in Steve Jones; Martin, Robert D; Pilbeam, David R. (eds), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Evolution, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, pp. 209–216, ISBN 0-521-46786-1

Biology Encyclopedia

Mammals Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License