Capromyinae Smith, 1842
* Capromyinae on Mammal species of the World.
Hutias are moderately large cavy-like rodents of the family Capromyidae that inhabit the Caribbean Islands. They range in size from 20 to 60 cm (7.9 to 24 in), and can weigh up to 7 kg (15 lb). Twenty species of hutia have been identified, and half may be extinct. (Their larger relatives the giant hutias, of the family Heptaxodontidae, are entirely extinct.) They resemble the nutria in some respects. Tails are present, varying from vestiges to prehensile. They have stout bodies and large heads. Most species are herbivorous, though some consume small animals. Instead of burrowing underground, they nest in trees or rock crevices. Only a few species are common, while others have become endangered.
They are hunted for food in Cuba, where they are often cooked in a large pot with wild nuts and honey. One of the recipes is hutia stew: sauté with green peppers, onions, tomato sauce and lots of garlic.
One species of hutia is referred to by those stationed at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base as banana rats."Navy article." Banana rats are not named for their dietary preference, but because their feces look like small versions of the fruit. They are also known to come out at night.
* Those species with daggers by them are known to be extinct.
Desmarest's hutia (Capromys pilorides)
Bahamian Hutia (Geocapromys ingrahami)
Cabrera's Hutia (Mesocapromys angelcabrerai)
Black-tailed Hutia (Mysateles melanurus)
Imposter Hutia (†Hexolobodon phenax)
Montane Hutia (†Isolobodon montanus)
Hispaniolan Hutia (Plagiodontia aedium)
Lemke's Hutia (†Rhizoplagiodontia lemkei)
1. ^ Bishop, Ian (1984). Macdonald, D.. ed. The Encyclopedia of Mammals. New York: Facts on File. p. 700. ISBN 0-87196-871-1.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License