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Cephalophus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Cephalophinae
Genus: Cephalophus
Species: C. adersi - C. callipygus - C. dorsalis - C. harveyi - C. jentinki - C. leucogaster - C. maxwellii - C. monticola - C. natalensis - C. niger - C. nigrifrons - C. ogilbyi - C. rubidus - C. rufilatus - C. silvicultor - C. spadix - C. weynsi - C. zebra

Name

Cephalophus (Hamilton Smith, 1827)

References

* Cephalophus on Mammal Species of the World.
Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

A duiker (pronounced /ˈdaɪkər/) is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species from the subfamily Cephalophinae native to Sub-Saharan Africa.
Common Duiker.

Duikers are shy and elusive creatures with a fondness for dense cover; most are forest dwellers and even the species living in more open areas are quick to disappear into thickets. Their name comes from the Afrikaans/Dutch word for diver and refers to their practice of diving into tangles of shrubbery.

With a slightly arched body and the front legs a little shorter than the hind legs, they are well-shaped to penetrate thickets. They are primarily browsers rather than grazers, eating leaves, shoots, seeds, fruit, buds and bark, and often follow flocks of birds or troops of monkeys to take advantage of the fruit they drop. They supplement their diet with meat: duikers take insects and carrion from time to time, and even stalk and capture rodents or small birds. The Blue Duiker has a fondness for ants.

Species

*
o Subfamily Cephalophinae
+ Genus Cephalophus
# Abbott's Duiker, Cephalophus spadix
# Ader's Duiker, Cephalophus adersi
# Bay Duiker, Cephalophus dorsalis
# Black Duiker, Cephalophus niger
# Black-fronted Duiker, Cephalophus nigrifrons
# Brooke's Duiker, Cephalophus brookei
# Harvey's Duiker, Cephalophus harveyi
Yellow-backed Duiker.
# Jentink's Duiker, Cephalophus jentinki
# Ogilby's Duiker, Cephalophus ogilbyi
# Peters's Duiker, Cephalophus callipygus
# Red-flanked Duiker, Cephalophus rufilatus
# Red Forest Duiker, Cephalophus natalensis
# Ruwenzori Duiker, Cephalophus rubidis
# Weyns's Duiker, Cephalophus weynsi
# White-bellied Duiker, Cephalophus leucogaster
# Yellow-backed Duiker, Cephalophus sylvicultor
# Zebra Duiker, Cephalophus zebra
+ Genus Philantomba
# Blue Duiker, Philantomba monticola
# Maxwell's Duiker, Philantomba maxwellii
# Walter's Duiker, Philantomba walteri
+ Genus Sylvicapra
# Common Duiker, Sylvicapra grimmia


References

* Colyn, M. et al. 2010: Discovery of a new duiker species (Bovidae: Cephalophinae) from the Dahomey Gap, West Africa. Zootaxa, 2637: 1-30. Preview

* The African Wildlife Foundation
* Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences: New species of antelope discovered

Biology Encyclopedia

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License