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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Marsupialia
Ordo: Diprotodontia
Subordo: Macropodiformes
Familia: Macropodidae
Subfamilia: Macropodinae
Genus: Thylogale
Species: T. billardierii - T. browni - T. brunii - T. calabyi - T. lanatus - T. stigmatica - T. thetis

Name

Thylogale Gray, 1837

Type species: Halmaturus eugenii Gray, 1837

Vernacular names
Internationalization
日本語: ヤブワラビー属

References
* Thylogale on Mammal Species of the World.
Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).
* Mammalogie. In Encycl. Méth. 2*Suppl.): 542.
* Mammal Species of the World, A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 3rd edition, 2005 ISBN 0801882214

Pademelons are small marsupials of the genus Thylogale found in Australia and New Guinea. They are some of the smallest members of the family Macropodidae. Their common name is derived from the word badimaliyan, from the Dharuk Aboriginal language of Port Jackson (the Sydney region), while the scientific name comes from the Greek words for "pouch" and "weasel".[2]

Pademelons, wallabies, and kangaroos are very alike in body structure, but differ in size. Besides their smaller size, pademelons can be distinguished from wallabies by their shorter, thicker, and sparsely haired tails. Like wallabies, they move by hopping.
Species
Tasmanian pademelons, T. billardierii
Red-necked pademelon, T. thetis

Tasmanian pademelon or red-bellied pademelon, Thylogale billardierii
Brown's pademelon, Thylogale browni
Dusky pademelon, Thylogale brunii
Calaby's pademelon, Thylogale calabyi
Mountain pademelon, Thylogale lanatus
Red-legged pademelon, Thylogale stigmatica
Red-necked pademelon, Thylogale thetis

Distribution and habitat

Red-necked pademelons can be found in the coastal regions of Queensland and New South Wales, and in south-central New Guinea. In some areas, their range has been drastically reduced.

The red-bellied or Tasmanian pademelon is abundant in Tasmania, although it was once found throughout the southeastern parts of mainland Australia.[3]

The dusky pademelon lives in New Guinea and surrounding islands. It was previously called the Aru Islands wallaby. Before that, it was called the philander ("friend of man"), which is the name it bears in the second volume of Cornelis de Bruijn's Travels, originally published in 1711; the Latin name of this species is called after De Bruijn.[4][5]

The natural habitat of the pademelon is in thick scrubland or dense forested undergrowth. They also make tunnels through long grasses and bushes in swampy country.[citation needed]
Threats

Pademelon meat used to be considered valuable and was eaten by settlers and Aboriginals.[6][7]

Aside from being killed for their meat and soft fur, their numbers have been reduced by the introduction of non-native predators such as feral cats, feral dogs, and red foxes. The rabbit explosion has also caused problems as rabbits graze on the same grasses, making less available for the pademelons. Clearing of land for urbanisation has pushed the larger wallabies and kangaroos onto land that previously was occupied by pademelons with little competition.[8]

Tasmanian pademelons were important to the thylacines' diet, and they are still preyed on by quolls, Tasmanian devils, and wedge-tailed eagles. Despite these predators, Tasmania and its outlying smaller islands have large numbers of pademelons and every year many are culled to keep their numbers sustainable.[9]
Look up pademelon in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Groves, C. P. (2005). Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 69–70. ISBN 0-801-88221-4. OCLC 62265494.
Rose, R.W.; Rose, R.K. (25 September 2018). "Thylogale billardierii (Diprotodontia: Macropodidae)". Mammalian Species. 50 (965): 100–108. doi:10.1093/mspecies/sey012.
Rose, R.W.; McCartney, D.J. (1982). "Reproduction of the Red-Bellied Pademelon, Thylogale billardierii (Marsupialia)" (PDF). Australian Wildlife Research. 9: 27–32. doi:10.1071/wr9820027. Retrieved 17 December 2011.
Livius.org on Cornelis de Bruijn, by Jona Lendering.
Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Filander" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
Driessen, Michael M. (1992). Effects of hunting and rainfall on Bennett's wallaby and Tasmanian pademelon populations (Thesis). University of Tasmania. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
Milks, Annemieke (9 September 2020). "A Review of Ethnographic Use of Wooden Spears and Implications for Pleistocene Hominin Hunting". Open Quaternary. 6 (1). doi:10.5334/oq.85. ISSN 2055-298X. Retrieved 8 March 2021.
Wiggins, Natasha L.; Williamson, Grant J.; McCallum, Hamish I.; McMahon, Clive R.; Bowman, David M. J. S. (2010). "Shifts in macropod home ranges in response to wildlife management interventions". Wildlife Research. CSIRO Publishing. 37 (5): 379. doi:10.1071/wr09144. ISSN 1035-3712.
"ABC News". Annual wallaby cull draws criticism. 25 July 2011. Retrieved 7 August 2021.

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