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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Reptilia
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Sauria
Infraordo: Diploglossa
Familia: Anguidae
Subfamiliae: Anguinae - Diploglossinae - Gerrhonotinae - †Glyptosaurinae


Anguidae Gray, 1825

Vernacular names
Українська: Веретільницеві


The Anguidae is a large and diverse family of lizards native to the northern hemisphere. The group includes the slowworms, glass lizards, and alligator lizards, among others. Anguidae is divided into three subfamilies and contains 94 species in eight genera. Their closest living relatives are the helodermatid lizards.[1] They have hard osteoderms beneath their scales, and many of the species have reduced or absent limbs, giving them a snake-like appearance, although others are fully limbed.[2]

Anguids are carnivorous or insectivorous, and inhabit a wide range of different habitats. The group includes both egg-laying and viviparous species. Most species are terrestrial, although some climb trees.[2]

Helodermoides tuberculatus fossil


* Subfamily Anguinae
o Genus Anguis - Slow worms (2 species)
o Genus Ophisaurus - Glass lizards (13 species)
o Genus Pseudopus - Scheltopusik (1 species)
* Subfamily Diploglossinae
o Genus Celestus - Galliwasps (25 extant species)
o Genus Diploglossus - Galliwasps (18 species)
o Genus Ophiodes - Worm lizards (4 species)
* Subfamily Gerrhonotinae - Alligator lizards
o Genus Gerrhonotus (4 species) - Alligator lizards
o Genus Abronia (27 species) - Arboreal Alligator lizards


1. ^ Fry, B. et al. (February 2006). "Early evolution of the venom system in lizards and snakes" (PDF). Nature 439 (7076): 584–588. doi:10.1038/nature04328. PMID 16292255. http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v439/n7076/abs/nature04328.html.
2. ^ a b Bauer, Aaron M. (1998). Cogger, H.G. & Zweifel, R.G.. ed. Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 152–155. ISBN 0-12-178560-2.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License