Chalcides ocellatus, Photo: Michael Lahanas
Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά : Χαλκίδης ο μικρόφθαλμος, Λιακόνι
Chalcides ocellatus, or Ocellated Skink (also known as Eyed Skink or gongilo) is a species of skink found in Greece, southern Italy, Malta, and parts of northern Africa.
As an adult, it generally reaches about 6 to 12 inches of length and has a small head, cylindrical body, and five toes on each foot. They are very agile and are often found in arid areas. It is strongly related to Chalcides colosii, and C. colosii was formerly considered a subspecies of C. ocellatus. C. ocellatus is notable for the presence of ocelli and for its wide variety of coloration patterns. It preys on various insects, including those with hard exoskeletons, arachnids, and small lizards, including its own young . In captivity it also eats sweet fruits, boiled eggs and pieces of meat. Females of the species give birth to live young through vivipary.
C. ocellatus is considered to be a generalist species and can be found in a wide variety of environments, such as farmland and gravel deserts around the Mediterranean coast. Its main escape tactic from predators is to run behind vegetation, most likely because it is not suited to run very fast. Its limbs are somewhat short, but not adapted for fossorial movement.
1. ^ Digimorph from the NSF Library at UT-Austin, Chalcides ocellatus
Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License