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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Dipsadinae
Genus: Geophis
Species (50): G. anocularis – G. bellus – G. betaniensis – G. bicolor – G. blanchardi – G. brachycephalus – G. cancellatus – G. carinosus – G. chalybeus – G. championi – G. damiani – G. downsi – G. dubius – G. duellmani – G. dugesii – G. dunni – G. fulvoguttatus – G. godmani – G. hoffmanni – G. immaculatus – G. incomptus – G. isthmicus – G. juarezi – G. juliai – G. laticinctus – G. laticollaris – G. latifrontalis – G. lorancai – G. maculiferus – G. mutitorques – G. nasalis – G. nephodrymus – G. nigroalbus – G. nigrocinctus – G. occabus – G. omiltemanus – G. petersii – G. pyburni – G. rhodogaster – G. rostralis – G. russatus – G. ruthveni – G. sallaei – G. semidoliatus – G. sieboldi – G. talamancae – G. tarascae – G. tectus – G. turbidus – G. zeledoni
Name

Geophis Wagler, 1830

Type species: Catostoma chalybeum Wagler, 1830, by monotypy.

References
Primary references

Wagler, J.G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie.. J.G. Cotta'schen Buchhandlung: München, Stuttgart, & Tübingen. 354 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Pavón-Vázquez, C.J., Canseco-Márquez, L. & Nieto-Montes de Oca, A. 2013. A new species in the Geophis dubius group (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Puebla, México. Herpetologica 69(3): 358–370. DOI: 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-12-00095 Reference page.
Canseco-Márquez, L., Pavón-Vázquez, C.J., López-Luna, M.A. & Nieto-Montes de Oca, A. 2016. A new species of earth snake (Dipsadidae, Geophis) from Mexico. ZooKeys 610: 131–145. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.610.8605. Reference page.

Links

Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Geophis . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 8 March 2020.
Geophis – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Earth Snakes
español: Culebra minera

Geophis is a genus of snakes in the subfamily Dipsadinae of the family Colubridae. Species in the genus Geophis are typically referred to as Latin American earth snakes (Spanish: culebra minera or culebra minadora). The genus consists of fifty distinct species.[1]
Species

The following species are recognized as being valid.[2]

Geophis anocularis Dunn, 1920 – culebra minera de Sierra Mije
Geophis bellus Myers, 2003
Geophis betaniensis J.H. Restrepo & J.W. Wright, 1987
Geophis bicolor Günther, 1868 – culebra minera del Altiplano
Geophis blanchardi Taylor & H.M. Smith, 1939 – culebra minera de Blanchard
Geophis brachycephalus (Cope, 1871)
Geophis cancellatus H.M. Smith, 1941 – culebra minera de Chiapas
Geophis carinosus L.C. Stuart, 1941 – culebra minera aquillada
Geophis chalybeus (Wagler, 1830) – culebra minera veracruzana
Geophis championi Boulenger, 1894
Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie & K.L. Williams, 1998
Geophis downsi Savage, 1981
Geophis dubius (W. Peters, 1861) – culebra minera de la Mesa del Sur
Geophis duellmani H.M. Smith & Holland, 1969 – culebra minera de Sierra de Juárez
Geophis dugesii Bocourt, 1883 – culebra minera de Chihuahua
Geophis dunni K.P. Schmidt, 1932
Geophis fulvoguttatus Mertens, 1952
Geophis godmani Boulenger, 1894
Geophis hoffmanni (W. Peters, 1859)
Geophis immaculatus Downs, 1967 – culebra minera inmaculada
Geophis incomptus Duellman, 1959 – culebra minera de Sierra Coacolman
Geophis isthmicus (Boulenger, 1894) – culebra minera de Tehuantepec
Geophis juarezi Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2003
Geophis juliai Pérez-Higareda, H.M. Smith & López-Luna, 2001
Geophis laticinctus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1963 – culebra minera de la Mesa Central
Geophis laticollaris H.M. Smith, Lynch & Altig, 1965
Geophis latifrontalis Garman, 1883 – culebra minera potosina
Geophis lorancai Canseco-Márquez, Pavón-Vázquez, López-Luna & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2016
Geophis maculiferus Taylor, 1941 – culebra minera michoacana
Geophis mutitorques (Cope, 1885) – culebra minera de tierras altas
Geophis nasalis (Cope, 1868) – culebra minera del café
Geophis nephodrymus Townsend & Wilson, 2006
Geophis nigroalbus Boulenger, 1908
Geophis nigrocinctus Duellman, 1959 – culebra minera rayas negras
Geophis occabus Pavón-Vázquez, García-Vázquez, Blancas-Hernández & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2011
Geophis omiltemanus Günther, 1893 – culebra minera guerrerense
Geophis petersii Boulenger, 1894
Geophis pyburni Campbell & Murphy, 1977 – culebra minadora de Pyburn
Geophis rhodogaster (Cope, 1868)
Geophis rostralis (Jan, 1865)
Geophis russatus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1966 – culebra minadora roja
Geophis ruthveni F. Werner, 1925
Geophis sallaei Boulenger, 1894 – culebra minadora de Sallé
Geophis semidoliatus (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) – culebra minadora coralillo
Geophis sieboldi (Jan, 1862) – culebra minadora de Siebold
Geophis talamancae Lips & Savage, 1994
Geophis tarascae Hartweg, 1959 – culebra minadora tarasca
Geophis tectus Savage & J.I. Watling, 2008
Geophis turbidus Pavón-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2013
Geophis zeledoni Taylor, 1954

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Geophis.
References

"Geophis ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 13 August 2007.

Genus Geophis at The Reptile Database www.reptile-database.org.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Genus Geophis, pp. 314–315).
Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Geophis, pp. 69, 70, 98).
Wagler J (1830). Natürliches system der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugthiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. Munich, Stuttgart and Tübingen: J.G. Cotta. vi + 354 pp. + one plate. (Geophis, new genus, p. 342). (in German and Latin).

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