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Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Superphylum: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Cladus: Craniata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Cladus: Reptiliomorpha
Cladus: Amniota
Classis: Reptilia
Cladus: Eureptilia
Cladus: Romeriida
Subclassis: Diapsida
Cladus: Sauria
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Infraordo: Caenophidia
Superfamilia: Colubroidea

Familia: Dipsadidae
Subfamilia: Dipsadinae
Genus: Geophis
Species (50): G. anocularis – G. bellus – G. betaniensis – G. bicolor – G. blanchardi – G. brachycephalus – G. cancellatus – G. carinosus – G. chalybeus – G. championi – G. damiani – G. downsi – G. dubius – G. duellmani – G. dugesii – G. dunni – G. fulvoguttatus – G. godmani – G. hoffmanni – G. immaculatus – G. incomptus – G. isthmicus – G. juarezi – G. juliai – G. laticinctus – G. laticollaris – G. latifrontalis – G. lorancai – G. maculiferus – G. mutitorques – G. nasalis – G. nephodrymus – G. nigroalbus – G. nigrocinctus – G. occabus – G. omiltemanus – G. petersii – G. pyburni – G. rhodogaster – G. rostralis – G. russatus – G. ruthveni – G. sallaei – G. semidoliatus – G. sieboldi – G. talamancae – G. tarascae – G. tectus – G. turbidus – G. zeledoni

Geophis Wagler, 1830

Type species: Catostoma chalybeum Wagler, 1830, by monotypy.

Primary references

Wagler, J.G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie.. J.G. Cotta'schen Buchhandlung: München, Stuttgart, & Tübingen. 354 pp. BHL Reference page.

Additional references

Pavón-Vázquez, C.J., Canseco-Márquez, L. & Nieto-Montes de Oca, A. 2013. A new species in the Geophis dubius group (Squamata: Colubridae) from northern Puebla, México. Herpetologica 69(3): 358–370. DOI: 10.1655/HERPETOLOGICA-D-12-00095 Reference page.
Canseco-Márquez, L., Pavón-Vázquez, C.J., López-Luna, M.A. & Nieto-Montes de Oca, A. 2016. A new species of earth snake (Dipsadidae, Geophis) from Mexico. ZooKeys 610: 131–145. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.610.8605. Reference page.


Uetz, P. & Hallermann, J. 2021. Geophis . The Reptile Database. Accessed on 8 March 2020.
Geophis – Taxon details on Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).

Vernacular names
English: Earth Snakes
español: Culebra minera

Geophis is a genus of snakes in the subfamily Dipsadinae of the family Colubridae. Species in the genus Geophis are typically referred to as Latin American earth snakes (Spanish: culebra minera or culebra minadora). The genus consists of fifty distinct species.[1]

The following species are recognized as being valid.[2]

Geophis anocularis Dunn, 1920 – culebra minera de Sierra Mije
Geophis bellus Myers, 2003
Geophis betaniensis J.H. Restrepo & J.W. Wright, 1987
Geophis bicolor Günther, 1868 – culebra minera del Altiplano
Geophis blanchardi Taylor & H.M. Smith, 1939 – culebra minera de Blanchard
Geophis brachycephalus (Cope, 1871)
Geophis cancellatus H.M. Smith, 1941 – culebra minera de Chiapas
Geophis carinosus L.C. Stuart, 1941 – culebra minera aquillada
Geophis chalybeus (Wagler, 1830) – culebra minera veracruzana
Geophis championi Boulenger, 1894
Geophis damiani Wilson, McCranie & K.L. Williams, 1998
Geophis downsi Savage, 1981
Geophis dubius (W. Peters, 1861) – culebra minera de la Mesa del Sur
Geophis duellmani H.M. Smith & Holland, 1969 – culebra minera de Sierra de Juárez
Geophis dugesii Bocourt, 1883 – culebra minera de Chihuahua
Geophis dunni K.P. Schmidt, 1932
Geophis fulvoguttatus Mertens, 1952
Geophis godmani Boulenger, 1894
Geophis hoffmanni (W. Peters, 1859)
Geophis immaculatus Downs, 1967 – culebra minera inmaculada
Geophis incomptus Duellman, 1959 – culebra minera de Sierra Coacolman
Geophis isthmicus (Boulenger, 1894) – culebra minera de Tehuantepec
Geophis juarezi Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2003
Geophis juliai Pérez-Higareda, H.M. Smith & López-Luna, 2001
Geophis laticinctus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1963 – culebra minera de la Mesa Central
Geophis laticollaris H.M. Smith, Lynch & Altig, 1965
Geophis latifrontalis Garman, 1883 – culebra minera potosina
Geophis lorancai Canseco-Márquez, Pavón-Vázquez, López-Luna & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2016
Geophis maculiferus Taylor, 1941 – culebra minera michoacana
Geophis mutitorques (Cope, 1885) – culebra minera de tierras altas
Geophis nasalis (Cope, 1868) – culebra minera del café
Geophis nephodrymus Townsend & Wilson, 2006
Geophis nigroalbus Boulenger, 1908
Geophis nigrocinctus Duellman, 1959 – culebra minera rayas negras
Geophis occabus Pavón-Vázquez, García-Vázquez, Blancas-Hernández & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2011
Geophis omiltemanus Günther, 1893 – culebra minera guerrerense
Geophis petersii Boulenger, 1894
Geophis pyburni Campbell & Murphy, 1977 – culebra minadora de Pyburn
Geophis rhodogaster (Cope, 1868)
Geophis rostralis (Jan, 1865)
Geophis russatus H.M. Smith & K.L. Williams, 1966 – culebra minadora roja
Geophis ruthveni F. Werner, 1925
Geophis sallaei Boulenger, 1894 – culebra minadora de Sallé
Geophis semidoliatus (A.M.C. Duméril, Bibron & A.H.A. Duméril, 1854) – culebra minadora coralillo
Geophis sieboldi (Jan, 1862) – culebra minadora de Siebold
Geophis talamancae Lips & Savage, 1994
Geophis tarascae Hartweg, 1959 – culebra minadora tarasca
Geophis tectus Savage & J.I. Watling, 2008
Geophis turbidus Pavón-Vázquez, Canseco-Márquez & Nieto-Montes de Oca, 2013
Geophis zeledoni Taylor, 1954

Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Geophis.

"Geophis ". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 13 August 2007.

Genus Geophis at The Reptile Database www.reptile-database.org.

Further reading

Boulenger GA (1894). Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. London: Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, printers). xi + 382 pp. + Plates I-XX. (Genus Geophis, pp. 314–315).
Freiberg M (1982). Snakes of South America. Hong Kong: T.F.H. Publications. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Genus Geophis, pp. 69, 70, 98).
Wagler J (1830). Natürliches system der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugthiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. Munich, Stuttgart and Tübingen: J.G. Cotta. vi + 354 pp. + one plate. (Geophis, new genus, p. 342). (in German and Latin).

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