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Merodoras nheco

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Ostariophysi
Ordo: Siluriformes
Familia: Doradidae
Genus: Merodoras

Merodoras nheco is the only species in the genus Merodoras of the catfish (order Siluriformes) family Doradidae.[1]


Merodoras and its type species M. nheco were described in 2007. It belongs to the subfamily Astrodoradinae.[1] This genus is most closely related to Amblydoras.[1]

Distribution and habitat

Merodoras nheco inhabits a flooded portion of the upper Paraguay River basin in western Brazil called the Pantanal Matogrossense. Here it lives in the lentic lakes in flooded areas.[1]

Appearance and anatomy

M. nheco is like other doradids. It has three pairs of barbels (one pair maxillary, two pairs mental), strong dorsal andpectoral fin spines.[1] M. nheco is differentiated from all other doradids by having its scutes with thorns directed ventrally in adults, and from all doradids except Physopyxis cristata by having an incomplete lateral line. It has a smooth dorsal fin spine, as opposed to a serrated one; the only other genus with smooth dorsal fin spines is Anadoras. Also, it has a truncated caudal fin.[1]


M. nheco is fed upon by southern caimans (Caiman crocodilus yacare) when its habitat dries over the winter, which makes these fish easier to catch.[1] These fish are often hosts to tongue worms, which inhabit their swim bladders.[1]


1. ^ a b c d e f g h Higuchi, Horácio; Birindelli, José L. O.; Sousa, Leandro M.; Britski, Heraldo A. (2007). "Merodoras nheco, new genus and species from Rio Paraguay basin, Brazil (Siluriformes, Doradidae), and nomination of the new subfamily Astrodoradinae" (PDF). Zootaxa 1446: 31–42. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2007f/zt01446p042.pdf.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License