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Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Cladus: Spiralia
Cladus: Lophotrochozoa
Phylum: Mollusca
Classis: Bivalvia
Subclassis: Heterodonta
Ordo: Veneroida
Superfamiliae: Arcticoidea - Astartoidea - Cardioidea - Carditoidea - Chamoidea - Corbiculoidea - Crassatelloidea - Cyamioidea - Dreissenoidea - Galeommatoidea - Glossoidea - Lucinoidea - Mactroidea - Solenoidea - Tellinoidea - Tridacnaoidea - Veneroidea


Veneroida H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856

The Veneroida or veneroids are an order of bivalve molluscs. They include some familiar forms such as saltwater clams and cockles, and a number of freshwater bivalves including zebra mussels.

Veneroids are generally thick-valved, equal valved, and isomyarian (that is, their adductor muscles are of equal size). Three main hinge teeth are characteristic of the subclass Heterodonta to which this order belongs. Many species are active rather than sessile. However they tend to be filter feeders, feeding through paired siphons, with a characteristic folded gill structure adapted to that way of life.

Recent work in molecular systematics has suggested that this order is not monophyletic. If this conclusion is sustained, the order will presumably be broken up in due course.


* Superfamily Veneroidea
o Petricolidae
o Veneridae
* Superfamily Astartoidea
o Astartidae
* Superfamily Corbiculoidea
o Corbiculidae
o Sphaeriidae
* Superfamily Tellinoidea
o Donacidae
o Psammobiidae
o Scrobiculariidae
o Semelidae
o Solecurtidae
o Tellinidae
* Superfamily Arcticoidea
o Arcticidae
* Superfamily Cardioidea
o Cardiidae
o Tridacnidae
* Superfamily Dreissenoidea
o Dreissenidae
* Superfamily Galeommatoidea
o Galeommatidae
o Lasaeidae
o Kelliidae
* Superfamily Glossoidea
o Glossidae
o Vesicomyidae
* Superfamily Lucinoidea
o Cyrenoididae
o Fimbriidae
o Lucinidae
o Thyasiridae
o Ungulinidae
* Superfamily Mactroidea
o Mactridae
o Mesodesmatidae
* Superfamily Solenoidea
o Pharidae
o Solenidae
* Superfamily Carditoidea
o Carditidae
o Condylocardiidae
* Superfamily Gastrochaenoidea
o Gastrochaenidae
* Superfamily Cyamioidea
o Cyamiidae
o Neoleptonidae
o Sportellidae
* Superfamily Chamoidea
o Chamidae
* Superfamily Crassatelloidea

External links

* Veneroida Taxonomy

Biology Encyclopedia

Mollusca Images

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License