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Brazil, CC BY 2.0 <https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0>, via Wikimedia Commons" href="https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Abarema_cochliacarpos_(Gomes)_Barneby_%26_J.W.Grimes.jpg">Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Genus: Abarema
Species: Abarema cochliacarpos
Name

Abarema cochliacarpos (Gomes) Barneby & J.W.Grimes
References

Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden. Bronx, NY 74(1):94. 1996
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Abarema cochliacarpos in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 07-Oct-06.

Abarema cochliocarpos is a species of tree in the legume family, Fabaceae. Its common name is barbatimão.[3] It is endemic to Brazil, where it occurs in Alagoas, Bahia, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Rio de Janeiro, Rio Grande do Norte and São Paulo.[1]

There is a coastal form and an inland form of this species. The coastal form can exceed 10 meters in height. The inland form is up to 4 meters tall and has smaller leaflets which are tougher in texture. In coastal areas this tree grows in woodland habitat on sandy substrates. Inland it can be found in scrub, savanna, and disturbed habitat types.[1]

Threats to the species include habitat loss to agriculture and open-pit iron mining; however, the tree occurs in several protected areas and it is relatively widespread.[1]

Extracts of the bark of this native plant is used in Brazilian traditional medicine as an antiseptic, antiinflammatory, and painkiller, and to treat wounds.[4]
References

Watkinson, G. 2012. Abarema cochliocarpos. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. Downloaded on 26 March 2015.
Abarema cochliocarpos Synonyms. Kew.org
Santos, S. C., et al. (2007). In vitro antimicrobial activity of the extract of Abarema cochliocarpos (Gomes) Barneby & Grimes. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 17(2), 215-19.
Silva, N. C., et al. (2009). Antinociceptive effects of Abarema cochliacarpos (B.A. Gomes) Barneby & J.W. Grimes (Mimosaceae). Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia 19(1A), 46-50.

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