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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia calantha
Name

Acacia calantha Pedley, 1979
Synonyms

Racosperma calanthum (Pedley) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia calantha

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Queensland

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Pedley, L., 1979. Austrobaileya: a journal of plant systematics 1(3): 261.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia calantha in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 27. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia calantha. Published online. Accessed: Jul 27 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia calantha. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 27.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia calantha. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 27 {{{3}}}. Reference page.

Vernacular names

Acacia calantha is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae native to Queensland in Australia.

Description

The dense glabrous shrub typically grows to a height of 1 to 3 metres (3 to 10 ft).[1] It has slender, glabrous yellowish brown to grey branchlets with green to grey green phyllodes. The erect and filiform phyllodes have a length of 7 to 15 cm (2.8 to 5.9 in) and a width of around 1 mm (0.039 in). They have a prominent midrib which becomes angled with three ot four distinct longitudinal ridges when dry. The simple inflorescences appear in the axil nodes as single spherical flower-heads containing around 30 bright golden flowers. The seed pods that form after flowering have a narrowly oblong shape and have a length of up to about 6 cm (2.4 in) and a width of 5 to 6 mm (0.20 to 0.24 in). The dark brown to black seeds within have an oblong to elliptic shape with a length of 3 to 4 mm (0.12 to 0.16 in).[2]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Leslie Pedley in 1979 in the work A revision of Acacia Mill. in Queensland as published in the journal Austrobaileya. Pedley then reclassified the shrub in 1987 as Racosperma calanthum but it was transferred back to the current name in 2001.[3]
Distribution

The shrub is native to an area around Cracow in south eastern Queensland in the Dawson River catchment.[1] It is found on the lower slopes of steep sandstone hills and ridges growing in sandy to sandy-clay soils as a pat of dry sclerophyll forest communities as is often associated with species including Corymbia maculata, Corymbia trachyphloia, Eucalyptus crebra, Eucalyptus cloeziana, Eucalyptus citriodora, Corymbia tessellaris, Angophora leiocarpa, Lysicarpus angustifolius, Acacia podalyriifolia and Acacia crassa.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia calcarata". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
"Acacia calantha". WetlandInfo. Department of Environment and Science, Queensland. Retrieved 3 April 2019.
"Acacia calantha Pedley". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 3 April 2019.

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