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Acacia chisholmii flowers

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia chisholmii
Name

Acacia chisholmii F.M.Bailey, 1899
Synonyms

Acacia costinervis Domin
Racosperma chisholmii (F.M.Bailey) Pedley

Distribution
Native distribution areas:
Acacia chisholmii

Continental: Australasia
Regional: Australia
Northern Territory, Queensland

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Bailey, F.M., 1899. Queensland Agric. J. iv. 47.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Acacia chisholmii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Jul 28. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Acacia chisholmii. Published online. Accessed: Jul 28 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Acacia chisholmii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Jul 28.
Hassler, M. Jul. Acacia chisholmii. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. Jul. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: Jul 28 {{{3}}}. Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: Chisholm's Wattle, Turpentine Bush

Acacia chisholmii, commonly known as turpentine bush and Chisholm's wattle, is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Juliflorae. It is native to arid areas of north eastern Australia.[1]

Description

The resinous multi-stemmed shrub has a spreading habit that typically grows to a height of 4 m (13 ft) and has minni ritchi style bark. It has angular, purplish brown or red-brown coloured branchlets that are minutely crenulated with slightly appressed-villous ridges.[2] It flowers between May and August producing golden flower spikes with a length of 13 to 28 mm (0.51 to 1.10 in). After flowering it produces linear, flat seed pods that are constricted between the seeds. The pods have a length of 2.5 to 14 cm (0.98 to 5.51 in) and have pale margins. The dark brown to black seeds within the pods have a narrowly oblong to elliptic shape and have a length of 3.6 to 4.5 mm (0.14 to 0.18 in).[2]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Frederick Manson Bailey in 1899 as part of the work Contributions to the Queensland Flora as published in the Queensland Agricultural Journal. It was reclassified as Racosperma chisholmii by Leslie Pedley in 1987 and then transferred back into the genus Acacia in 2001. The only other synonym is Acacia costinervis.[1] It is quite closely related to Acacia lysiphloia and Acacia trachycarpa, Acacia effusa and Acacia gracillima. It is also able to hybridize with Acacia monticola.[2]
Distribution

A. chisholmii is found in western parts of Queensland and is quite common in the Mount Isa to Cloncurry area. The plant is found on stony usuallylateritic plains with shallow, sandy soils or in undulating country and on escarpments and s usually part of grassland or Eucalypt and spinifex woodland communities. Smaller populations are found in far eastern parts of the Northern Territory around Lake Nash.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia chisholmii F.M.Bailey Turpentine Bush". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
"Acacia chisholmii". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 17 January 2019.

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