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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Fabales

Familia: Fabaceae
Subfamilia: Caesalpinioideae
Tribus: Acacieae
Genus: Acacia
Species: Acacia phaeocalyx
Name

Acacia phaeocalyx Maslin
References

Nuytsia 2 (5): 321 (1978).

Acacia phaeocalyx is a shrub belonging to the genus Acacia and the subgenus Phyllodineae that is endemic to south western Australia.

Description

The spreading and pungent shrub typically grows to a height of 0.3 to 0.6 metres (1.0 to 2.0 ft).[1] It can have an intricate, sprawling or compact habit and has glabrous branchlets that are often covered in a fine white powdery coating and have spny stipules that are 2 to 4 mm (0.079 to 0.157 in) in length and shallowly recurved. Like most species of Acacia it has phyllodes rather than true leaves. The pungent, coraiceous and green dimidiate phyllodes are widest below or near or below the middle and are 8 to 15 mm (0.31 to 0.59 in) in length and 6 to 11 mm (0.24 to 0.43 in) in width with a midrib near the abaxial margin.[2] It blooms from April to June and produces yellow flowers.[1] The simple inflorescences occur singly in the axilss with spherical flower-heads that contain seven to eight loosely packed flowers. Following flowering coriaceous-crustaceous, red-brown seed pods form that are shallowly curved and longitudinally striated. The terete pods are usually up to around 7 cm (2.8 in) in length and have a diameter of about 4 mm (0.16 in). The dark brown seeds inside have an oblong shape with a length of 4 to 5 mm (0.16 to 0.20 in) with a conical terminal aril.[2]
Taxonomy

The species was first formally described by the botanist Bruce Maslin in 1978 as part of the work Studies in the genus Acacia (Mimosaceae) - A revision of the Uninerves - Triangulares, in part (the tetramerous species) as published in the journal Nuytsia. It was reclassified as Racosperma phaeocalyx by Leslie Pedley in 2003 then transferred back to genus Acacia in 2006.[3]
Distribution

It is native to an area in the central Wheatbelt region of Western Australia where it is commonly situated on plains and hillsides growing in sandy soils usually over or around laterite.[1] The bulk of the population is found between Wongan Hills in the north west and Kellerberrin in the south east where it is usually a part of scrub and tall shrubland communities.[2]
See also

List of Acacia species

References

"Acacia phaeocalyx". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions.
"Acacia phaeocalyx". World Wide Wattle. Western Australian Herbarium. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
"Acacia phaeocalyx Maslin". Atlas of Living Australia. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Retrieved 19 July 2020.

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