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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Eudicots
Cladus: Core eudicots
Cladus: Rosids
Cladus: Eurosids I
Ordo: Rosales

Familia: Urticaceae
Tribus: Boehmerieae
Genus: Boehmeria
Species: B. aspera – B. balslevii – B. beyeri – B. brevirostris – B. bullata – B. burgeriana – B. caudata – B. celtidifolia – B. clidemioides – B. conica – B. cylindrica – B. densiflora – B. depauperata – B. didymogyne – B. ehrenbergiana – B. excelsa – B. grandis – B. hamiltoniana – B. helferi – B. heterophylla – B. holosericea – B. jamaicensis – B. japonica – B. kurzii – B. lanceolata – B. leptostachya – B. listeri – B. manipurensis – B. marti – B. meifenggensis – B. multiflora – B. nakashimae – B. nivea – B. ourantha – B. pavonii – B. penduliflora – B. pilosiuscula – B. platanifolia – B. polystachya – B. radiata – B. ramiflora – B. repens – B. rugosissima – B. siamensis – B. sieboldiana – B. spicigera – B. splitgerbera – B. subintegra – B. ternifolia – B. tsaratananensis – B. ulmifolia – B. villosa – B. virgata – B. yaeyamensis – B. zollingeriana
Nothospecies: B. × dura – B. × egregia – B. × kiusiana
⧼Source(s) of checklist⧽:

Govaerts, R. et al. 2020. Boehmeria in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2020 Nov 26. Reference page.


Boehmeria Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 9 31. (1760)

Type species: Boehmeria ramiflora Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. 9 31. (1760)


Duretia Gaudich.
Ramium Rumph. ex Kuntze
Splitgerbera Miq.


Jacquin, N.J. von 1760. Enumeratio Systematica Plantarum, quas in Insulis Caribaeis vicinaque Americes 9 31.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Boehmeria in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 2. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2019. Boehmeria. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2019. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 2. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Boehmeria. Published online. Accessed: Nov. 2 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Boehmeria. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2019 Nov. 2.
Wilmot-Dear, C.M. & Friis, I. 2013. The old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision. Blumea-Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants 58(2): 85-216. DOI: 10.3767/000651913X674116 Open access Reference page.

Vernacular names
English: False Nettles
eesti: Bömeeria

Boehmeria is a genus of 47 species of flowering plants in the nettle family Urticaceae. Of the species, 33 are indigenous to the Old World and 14 to the New World; no species is indigenous to both the Old and New Worlds. The species include herbaceous perennials, shrubs and small trees. Although related to the similar-looking species of the stinging nettles of genus Urtica, species of Boehmeria do not have stinging hairs. Because of the similarity in appearance, some species are commonly called "false nettles".

This genus is named in honor of the German botanist, Georg Rudolf Boehmer.[2]
Fossil record

14 fossil fruits of †Boehmeria sibirica have been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.[3]
Cultivation and uses

One species, ramie (Boehmeria nivea) is an important fibre crop. Some are also used as ornamental plants.

Boehmeria species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Bedellia boehmeriella, which feeds exclusively on B. grandis.
New World species

The following species are found in the New World:[1]

Boehmeria aspera Wedd. 1856
Boehmeria brevirostris Wedd. 1854
Boehmeria bullata Kunth 1817
subsp. bullata Kunth 1817
subsp. coriacea (Killip) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 1996
subsp. notobullata Friis & Wilmot-Dear 1996
Boehmeria caudata Sw. 1788
Boehmeria celtidifolia Kunth 1817
Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw. 1788
Boehmeria dolichostachys Friis & Wilmot-Dear 1996
Boehmeria excelsa (Bertero ex Steud.) Wedd. 1854
Boehmeria pavonii Wedd. 1854
Boehmeria radiata Burger 1975
Boehmeria ramiflora Jacq. 1760
Boehmeria repens (Griseb.) Wedd. 1869
Boehmeria ulmifolia Wedd. 1854

Old World species

The following species are found in the Old World:[4][5][6]

Boehmeria beyeri C. B. Rob. 1911
Boehmeria clidemioides Miq. 1851
var. clidemioides Miq. 1851
var. diffusa (Wedd.) Hand.-Mazz. 1929
var. umbrosa Hand.-Mazz. 1929
Boehmeria conica C.J.Chen, Wilmot-Dear & Friis 2003
Boehmeria densiflora Hook. & Arn. 1838
var. boninensis (Nakai) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. densiflora Hook. & Arn. 1838
Boehmeria depauperata Wedd. 1854
Boehmeria didymogyne Wedd. 1869
Boehmeria grandis (Hook. & Arn.) A.Heller 1897
Boehmeria hamiltoniana Wedd. 1856
Boehmeria helferi Blume 1857
Boehmeria heterophylla Wedd. 1856
var. blumei (Wedd.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. heterophylla Wedd. 1856
Boehmeria holosericea Blume 1857
Boehmeria japonica (L.f.) Miq. 1867
var. japonica (L.f.) Miq. 1867
var. silvestrii (Pamp.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. tenera (Blume) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
Boehmeria kurzii Hook.f. 1888
Boehmeria lanceolata Ridl. 1911, nec 1910
Boehmeria leptostachya Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2010
Boehmeria listeri Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2010
Boehmeria manipurensis Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2010
Boehmeria multiflora C.B.Rob. 1908
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Hook f. & Arn. 1837
Boehmeria ourantha Miq. 1851
Boehmeria penduliflora Wedd. ex D.G.Long 1982
Boehmeria pilosiuscula (Blume) Hassk. 1844
var. pilosiuscula (Blume) Hassk. 1844
var. suffruticosa Acharya, Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
Boehmeria polystachya Wedd. 1856
Boehmeria rugosissima (Blume) Miq. 1851
Boehmeria sieboldiana Blume 1857
var. sieboldiana Blume 1857
var. fuzhouensis (W.T.Wang) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
Boehmeria siamensis Craib 1916
Boehmeria splitgerbera Koidz. 1926
Boehmeria subintegra Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2010
Boehmeria ternifolia D.Don 1825
var. ternifolia D.Don 1825
var. kamley (Acharya & Yonek.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
Boehmeria tsaratananensis Leandri 1950
Boehmeria virgata (G.Forst.) Guill. 1837
subsp. virgata (G.Forst.) Guill. 1837
var. virgata (G.Forst.) Guill. 1837
var. velutina Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. maxima Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. austroqueenslandica (Domin) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
subsp. macrophylla (Hornem.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. macrophylla (Hornem.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. molliuscula (Blume) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. tomentosa (Wedd.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. macrostachya (Wight) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. longissima (Hook.f.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. canescens (Wedd.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. rotundifolia (D.Don) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. minuticymosa Acharya, Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. scabrella (Roxb.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. sumatrana (Miq.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. densiglomerata (W.T.Wang) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
var. strigosa (W.T.Wang) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2013
Boehmeria yaeyamensis Hatus. 1979
Boehmeria zollingeriana Wedd. 1854
var. podocarpa (W.T.Wang) W.T.Wang & C.J.Chen 2003
var. zollingeriana Wedd. 1854


The following names have been synonymized:[5]

Boehmeria calophleba C. Moore & F. Muell. 1872 is a synonym of Pouzolzia australis (Endl.) Friis & Wilmot-Dear 2004.
Boehmeria glomerulifera Miq. 1854 is a synonym of Boehmeria depauperata Wedd. 1854.
Boehmeria jamaicensis Urb. 1907 is a synonym of Boehmeria ramiflora Jacq. 1760.
Boehmeria macrophylla Hornem. 1815 is a synonym of Boehmeria virgata (G.Forst.) Guill. 1837.
Boehmeria platyphylla Buch.-Ham. ex D. Don 1825 is a synonym of Boehmeria virgata (G.Forst.) Guill. 1837.


Wilmot-Dear CM, Friis I. (1996). The New World species of Boehmeria and Pouzolzia (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision. Opera Botanica. 129. Copenhagen, Denmark: Council for Nordic Publications in Botany. pp. 1–103. ISBN 87-88702-37-5.
Stearn, William (2002). Stearn's Dictionary of Plant Names for Gardeners. London: Cassell. ISBN 978-0-304-36469-5.
Łańcucka-Środoniowa M.: Macroscopic plant remains from the freshwater Miocene of the Nowy Sącz Basin (West Carpathians, Poland) [Szczątki makroskopowe roślin z miocenu słodkowodnego Kotliny Sądeckiej (Karpaty Zachodnie, Polska)]. Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 (1): 3-117.
Wilmot-Dear, C.M.; Friis, I (2013). "The Old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae). A taxonomic revision" (PDF). Blumea. 58 (2): 85–216. doi:10.3767/000651913X674116.
Wilmot-Dear, C.M.; Friis, I; Govaerts, R.H.A. (2014). "Nomenclatural corrections to the taxonomic revision of The Old World species of Boehmeria (Urticaceae, tribus Boehmerieae) by Wilmot-Dear & Friis (2013)" (PDF). Blumea. 59 (2): 95–97. doi:10.3767/000651914X684691.
Wilmot-Dear CM, Friis I, Thomas Z. (2010). "New Species in Old World Boehmeria (Urticaceae)". Edinburgh Journal of Botany. 67 (3): 431–450. doi:10.1017/S0960428610000144.

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