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Carex buxbaumii kz1

Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Cladus: Commelinids
Ordo: Poales

Familia: Cyperaceae
Subfamilia: Cyperoideae
Tribus: Cariceae
Genus: Carex
Species: Carex buxbaumii
Name

Carex buxbaumii Wahlenb., Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Nya Handl. 24: 163 (1803).
Synonyms

Homotypic
Physiglochis buxbaumii (Wahlenb.) Raf., Good Book: 27 (1840).
Heterotypic
Carex polygama Schkuhr, Beschr. Riedgräs. 1: 84 (1801), nom. illeg.
Carex subulata Schumach., Enum. Pl. 1: 270 (1801), nom. illeg.
Carex buxbaumii var. submutica Hartm., Handb. Skand. Fl., ed. 5: 268 (1849).
Carex buxbaumii var. claviformis Russow, Arch. Naturk. Liv- Ehst- Kurlands, Ser. 2, Biol. Naturk. 3: 102 (1862).
Carex oligandra F.Muell. ex Boott, Ill. Gen. Carex 4: 136 (1867).
Carex tubulata K.Schum. ex Boott, Ill. Gen. Carex 4: 136 (1867).
Carex pseudobuxbaumii M.Winkl., Oesterr. Bot. Z. 18: 72 (1868).
Carex buxbaumii f. oenipontana Grembl. ex Appel, Mitth. Thüring. Bot. Vereins, n.f., 8: 43 (1890).
Carex buxbaumii f. mitis Norman, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 16: 50 (1893).
Carex buxbaumii f. virescens Norman, Forh. Vidensk.-Selsk. Kristiania 16: 50 (1893).
Carex picea Franch., Bull. Annuel Soc. Philom. Paris, sér. 8, 7: 39 (1895).
Carex buxbaumii var. subrigida Neuman, Sver. Fl.: 699 (1901).
Carex buxbaumii f. dilutior Kük. in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenr., IV, 20(38): 394 (1909).
Carex holmiana Mack., Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 36: 481 (1909).
Carex buxbaumii var. sibirica Litv., Sched. Herb. Fl. Ross. 7: 153 (1911).
Carex polygama var. brevisquamosa A.Cajander, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. "Vanamo" 5(5): 18 (1935).
Carex polygama var. confusa A.Cajander, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. "Vanamo" 5(5): 17 (1935).
Carex polygama subsp. subulata A.Cajander, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. "Vanamo" 5(5): 11 (1935).
Carex buxbaumii subsp. subulata (A.Cajander) Liro, Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A 42: 523 (1938).
Carex buxbaumii var. anticostensis Raymond, Naturaliste Canad. 77: 58 (1950).
Carex buxbaumii f. pedunculata Raymond, Naturaliste Canad. 77: 58 (1950).

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Continental: Temp. Northern Hemisphere
Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Central European Russia, Colorado, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, East European Russia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greenland, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kuril Is., Labrador, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New South Wales, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Northwest Territorie, Norway, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Poland, Quebec, Rhode I., Romania, Saskatchewan, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tasmania, Tennessee, Ukraine, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Yugoslavia, Yukon
Continental: Southern America
Regional: Northern South America
NW. Venezuela (Zulia)

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition
References
Primary references

Wahlenberg, G. 1803. Kongl. Vetenskaps Academiens Nya Handlingar 24: 163.

Links

Govaerts, R. et al. 2019. Carex buxbaumii in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published online. Accessed: 2019 Dec 15. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2019. Carex buxbaumii. Published online. Accessed: Dec 15 2019.
Tropicos.org 2019. Carex buxbaumii. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published online. Accessed: 15 Dec 2019.
USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. Carex buxbaumii in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. Accessed: 08-Apr-12.

Vernacular names
dansk: Kølle-Star
Deutsch: Buxbaums Segge
eesti: Padutarn
suomi: Nuijasara
Nederlands: Knotszegge

Carex buxbaumii is a species of sedge known as Buxbaum's sedge[1] or club sedge.[2] It is native to much of the northern Northern Hemisphere, from Alaska to Greenland[3] to Eurasia, and including most of Canada and the United States. It grows in wet habitat, such as marshes and fens. This sedge grows in clumps from long rhizomes. The stems are 75–100 cm (30–39 in) in maximum height. The leaves are narrow and small. The inflorescence has a bract which is sometimes longer than the spikes. The fruits have dark-colored bracts and a sac called a perigynium or utricle which is gray-green and rough in texture.
References

USDA, NRCS (n.d.). "Carex buxbaumii". The PLANTS Database (plants.usda.gov). Greensboro, North Carolina: National Plant Data Team. Retrieved 2018-12-03.
BSBI List 2007 (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-06-26. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
Grønlands flora. Tyge Wittrock Böcher (3. reviderede udgave ed.). København: P. Haase & Sons. 1978. ISBN 87-559-0385-1. OCLC 183098604.

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