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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: Cranichideae
Subtribus: Cranichidinae
Genus: Cranichis
Overview of species (73)

C. acuminatissima – C. amplectens – C. antioquiensis – C. apiculata – C. badia – C. barkleyi – C. brachyblephara – C. brevirostris – C. callejasii – C. callifera – C. calva – C. candida – C. carlos-parrae – C. castellanosii – C. chiapasensis – C. ciliata – C. ciliilabia – C. cochleata – C. cristalinensis – C. crumenifera – C. diphylla – C. elliptica – C. engelii – C. fendleri – C. foliosa – C. galatea – C. garayana – C. gibbosa – C. glabricaulis – C. glandulosa – C. gracilis – C. hassleri – C. hieroglyphica – C. juajibioyi – C. killipii – C. lankesteri – C. lehmanniana – C. lehmannii – C. lichenophila – C. longipetiolata – C. macroblepharis – C. muscosa – C. neglecta – C. notata – C. nudilabia – C. ovata – C. parvula – C. pennellii – C. picta – C. polyantha – C. popayanensis – C. pseudomuscosa – C. pulvinifera – C. queremalensis – C. reticulata – C. revoluta – C. ricartii – C. roldanii – C. rotundifolia – C. saccata – C. schlechteri – C. schultesii – C. scripta – C. silvicola – C. sparrei – C. subumbellata – C. sylvatica – C. talamancana – C. tenuis – C. turkeliae – C. wageneri – C. werffii – C. zarucchii
Name

Cranichis Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 120 (1788)

Type species: Cranichis muscosa Sw., Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 120 (1788)

Synonymy

Heterotypic
Cystochilum Barb.Rodr., Gen. Spec. Orchid. 1: 197 (1877)
Nezahualcoyotlia R.González, Bol. Inst. Bot. (Guadalajara) 4: 67 (1996 publ. 1997)

Distribution
Native distribution areas:

Northern America
Southeastern U.S.A.
Florida.
Mexico
Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southwest, Mexico Southeast.
Southern America
Central America
Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama.
Caribbean
Bahamas, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Windward Islands.
Northern South America
French Guiana, Suriname, Venezuela.
Western South America
Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Galápagos, Peru.
Brazil
Brazil West-Central, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil North, Brazil South.
Southern South America
Argentina Northwest, Paraguay.

References: Brummitt, R.K. 2001. TDWG – World Geographical Scheme for Recording Plant Distributions, 2nd Edition

References
Primary references

Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.W. & Rasmussen, F.N. (eds.) 2003. Genera Orchidacearum Volume 3: Orchidoideae (Part two); page 29 ff., Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-850711-9
Swartz, O.P. 1788. Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus 8, 120.

Links

Global Biodiversity Information Facility. 2021. GBIF Backbone Taxonomy. Checklist dataset. Taxon: Cranichis. Accessed: 2021 May 22.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Cranichis in Kew Science Plants of the World online. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 22. Reference page.
Govaerts, R. et al. 2021. Cranichis in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 22. Reference page.
Hassler, M. 2021. Cranichis. World Plants: Synonymic Checklists of the Vascular Plants of the World In: Roskovh, Y., Abucay, L., Orrell, T., Nicolson, D., Bailly, N., Kirk, P., Bourgoin, T., DeWalt, R.E., Decock, W., De Wever, A., Nieukerken, E. van, Zarucchi, J. & Penev, L., eds. 2021. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 22. Reference page.
International Plant Names Index. 2021. Cranichis. Published online. Accessed: 22 May 2021.
Tropicos.org 2021. Cranichis. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2021 May 22.

Vernacular names

العربية: كرانيش
перем коми: Кранихис
коми: Кранихис
мокшень: Кранихис
кырык мары: Кранихис
русский: Кранихис
удмурт: Кранихис

Cranichis is a genus of flowering plants from the orchid family, Orchidaceae. It contains about 50 species, native to South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies, with one species (C. muscosa) extending into Florida.[1][2]
Species

Cranichis acuminatissima
Cranichis amplectens
Cranichis antioquiensis
Cranichis apiculata
Cranichis brachyblephara
Cranichis callifera
Cranichis calva
Cranichis candida
Cranichis castellanosii
Cranichis ciliata
Cranichis ciliilabia
Cranichis cochleata
Cranichis crumenifera
Cranichis diphylla
Cranichis elliptica
Cranichis engelii
Cranichis fendleri
Cranichis foliosa
Cranichis galatea
Cranichis garayana
Cranichis gibbosa
Cranichis glabricaulis
Cranichis glandulosa
Cranichis gracilis
Cranichis hassleri
Cranichis hieroglyphica
Cranichis lankesteri
Cranichis lehmanniana
Cranichis lehmannii
Cranichis lichenophila
Cranichis longipetiolata
Cranichis macroblepharis
Cranichis muscosa
Cranichis notata
Cranichis nudilabia
Cranichis ovata
Cranichis parvula
Cranichis picta
Cranichis polyantha
Cranichis pulvinifera
Cranichis reticulata
Cranichis revoluta
Cranichis ricartii
Cranichis saccata
Cranichis scripta
Cranichis sparrei
Cranichis subumbellata
Cranichis sylvatica
Cranichis talamancana
Cranichis tenuis
Cranichis turkeliae
Cranichis wageneri
Cranichis werffii

References

Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

Flora of North America, v 26 p 547, Cranichis muscosa

Swartz, O. (1788) Nova Genera et Species Plantarum seu Prodromus 8, 120.
Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003) Genera Orchidacearum 3: 29 ff. Oxford University Press.
Berg Pana, H. 2005. Handbuch der Orchideen-Namen. Dictionary of Orchid Names. Dizionario dei nomi delle orchidee. Ulmer, Stuttgart

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