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Classification System: APG IV

Superregnum: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiosperms
Cladus: Monocots
Ordo: Asparagales

Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Orchidoideae
Tribus: (7)

Chloraeeae - Codonorchideae - Cranichideae - Diseae - Diceratosteleae - Diurideae - Orchideae

Genus: (1)
Frigidorchis
Name

Orchidoideae Lindl., Coll. Bot. App. (1826).

Type genus: Orchis Tourn. ex L., Sp. Pl.: 943: (1753)

Synonyms

Ophrydoideae Burnett (1835) Outlines Bot., 461 (1835)
Ophrydeae Garay (1960) Bot. Mus. Leafl. Harvard Univ., 19(3), 87 (1960)
Spiranthoideaea Dressler (1979) Selbyana, 5, 204 (1979) and Orch. Nat. Hist. Class. 167-176 (1981)
Many taxa once included in Neottioideae Lindl. (1826) are now seen as members of Orchidoideae Lindl. (1826)

References

Lindley, J. (1926) Coll. Bot., App.
Pridgeon, A.M. , Cribb, P., Chase, M.W., and Rasmussen, F.N. (Eds) (2001) Genera Orchidacearum Volume 2: Orchidoideae (Part 1): Orchidoideae, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Tropicos.org 2012. Orchidoideae. Missouri Botanical Garden. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2012 Sept. 14. As Orchidoideae A.A. Eaton (1836) Bot. Dict. (ed. 4).
Emonocot.org 2013. Orchidoideae in The Orders and Families of Monocotyledons. Published on the internet. Accessed: 2013 May 17.

Vernacular names
العربية: سحلباوات
català: Orquidòidia
English: Orchidoid orchids
magyar: Kosborformák
한국어: 난초아과
Nederlands: Orchidoideae
polski: Storczykowe
русский: Орхидные
українська: Орхідні
Tiếng Việt: Phân họ Lan
中文: 蘭亞科

The Orchidoideae, or the orchidoid orchids, are a subfamily of the orchid family (Orchidaceae).

They typically contain the orchids with a single (monandrous), fertile anther which is erect and basitonic.

The subfamily Orchidoideae and the previously recognized subfamily Spiranthoideae are considered the closest allies in the natural group of the monandrous orchids because of;

a shared terrestrial habit
sectile (capable of being severed) or granular pollinia
erect anthers.

The Orchidoideae contain (7 tribes and 3,630 species;[1] within two subclades with the following tribes :

tribes Orchideae and Diseae
tribes Cranichideae, Chloraeeae and Diurideae

The former subfamily Spiranthoideae is now embedded as tribe Cranichideae in the clade of the Orchidoideae. It is sister to the tribe Diurideae.

The tribe Orchideae (with 62 mostly terrestrial genera,[2]) comprises the following subtribes:

Habenariinae[3]
Orchidinae (1800 species in 47-60 genera,[4])

The tribe Diseae comprises the following subtribes:

Disinae
Satyriinae

The tribe Chloraeeae comprises the following subtribes:

Chloraeinae [5]

The monophyletic tribe Cranichideae comprises the following monophyletic subtribes :

Cranichidinae s.l. (including former Prescottiinae)
Galeottiellinae
Goodyerinae s.l. (including former Pachyplectroninae)
Manniellinae
Pterostylidinae
Discyphinae
Spiranthinae

The tribe Diurideae comprises the following subtribes :

Acianthinae (monophyletic)
Caladeniinae (polyphyletic)
Cryptostylidinae (monophyletic)
Diuridinae (monophyletic)
Drakaeinae (monophyletic)
Megastylidinae (monophyletic)
Prasophyllinae (monophyletic)
Rhizanthellinae (monophyletic)
Thelymitrinae (monophyletic)

References

"Types of Orchids: A Visual Compendium". FTD.com. 1 March 2018. Retrieved 11 December 2021.
Inda, Luis A.; Pimentel, Manuel; Chase, Mark W. (2012 July). "Phylogenetics of tribe Orchideae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae) based on combined DNA matrices: inferences regarding timing of diversification and evolution of pollination syndromes". Annals of Botany. 110 (1): 71–90. Check date values in: |date= (help)
RICHARD M. BATEMAN; PETER M. HOLLINGSWORTH; JILLIAN PRESTON; LUO YI-BO; ALEC M. PRIDGEON; MARK W. CHASE (May 2003). "Molecular phylogenetics and evolution of Orchidinae and selected Habenariinae (Orchidaceae)". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 142 (1). doi:10.1046/j.1095-8339.2003.00157.x.
Jin, Wei-Tao; Schuiteman, André; Chase, Mark W.; Li, Jian-Wu; Chung, Shih-Wen; Hsu, Tian-Chuan; Jin, Xiao-Hua (2017). "Phylogenetics of subtribe Orchidinae s.l. (Orchidaceae; Orchidoideae) based on seven markers (plastid matK, psaB, rbcL, trnL-F, trnH-psba, and nuclear nrITS, Xdh): implications for generic delimitation". BMC Plant Biology. 17: 222.

Chemisquy, M.A., Morrone, O. (2010) Phylogenetic analysis of the subtribe Chloraeinae (Orchidaceae): a preliminary approach based on three chloroplast markers. Australian Systematic Botany 23: 38-46. (Abstract)

Pridgeon, A.M., P.J. Cribb, M.W. Chase and F.N. Rasmussen [eds.]. 2003. Genera Orchidacearum vol. 3: Orchidoideae part 2, Vanilloideae. Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.
Salazar, G.A., M.W. Chase, M.A. Soto Arenas and M. Ingrouille. 2003. Phylogenetics of Cranichideae with emphasis on Spiranthinae (Orchidaceae, Orchidoideae): evidence from plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. American Journal of Botany 90: 777-795.
Salazar, G.A., L.I. Cabrera, S. Madriñán and M.W. Chase. 2009. Phylogenetic relationships of Cranichidinae and Prescottiinae (Orchidaceae, Cranichideae) inferred from plastid and nuclear DNA sequences. Annals of Botany 104: 403-416. [1]

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